Experimental study of the effect of fuel properties on spray performance of alternative jet fuel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Increase in energy demand and stringent emission norms lay emphasis on the need for cleaner, alternative fuels. Application of Gas-to-Liquid (GTL) fuel, a synthetic fuel obtained from Fischer-Tropsch synthesis, as an alternate aviation fuel has been the subject of attention in recent years. This is mainly due to its cleaner combustion characteristics when compared to conventional jet fuel and the reduction of dependence on the crude oil supply. However, chemical and physical properties of the GTL are different from conventional jet fuels owing to the difference in their production methodology. The change in GTL fuel physical properties could potentially alter the atomization characteristics, which, in turn affects the evaporation, mixing, combustion, and finally the pollutant formation processes. Therefore, it is important to have a thorough understanding of the combustion precursors of GTL fuel to better understand the combustion and emission processes. A comprehensive evaluation of the microscopic spray characteristics of GTL and Jet A-1 fuels are carried out using a point-wise laser diagnostic technique, Phase Doppler Anemometry at atmospheric condition. The spray characteristics are investigated at several axial and radial locations of the spray. Results obtained clearly show that the influence of fuel properties on the spray characteristics at atmospheric condition is mostly observed near the nozzle exit, rather than in regions further downstream.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCoal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Cycle Innovations; Electric Power; Industrial and Cogeneration
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
Volume3A
ISBN (Electronic)9780791845653
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
EventASME Turbo Expo 2014: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition, GT 2014 - Dusseldorf, Germany
Duration: 16 Jun 201420 Jun 2014

Other

OtherASME Turbo Expo 2014: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition, GT 2014
CountryGermany
CityDusseldorf
Period16/6/1420/6/14

Fingerprint

Jet fuel
Alternative fuels
Liquid fuels
Gases
Physical properties
Laser diagnostics
Synthetic fuels
Fischer-Tropsch synthesis
Liquids
Atomization
Chemical properties
Aviation
Nozzles
Evaporation
Crude oil

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Kannaiyan, K., & Sadr, R. (2014). Experimental study of the effect of fuel properties on spray performance of alternative jet fuel. In Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Cycle Innovations; Electric Power; Industrial and Cogeneration (Vol. 3A). American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2014-25842

Experimental study of the effect of fuel properties on spray performance of alternative jet fuel. / Kannaiyan, Kumaran; Sadr, Reza.

Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Cycle Innovations; Electric Power; Industrial and Cogeneration. Vol. 3A American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), 2014.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Kannaiyan, K & Sadr, R 2014, Experimental study of the effect of fuel properties on spray performance of alternative jet fuel. in Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Cycle Innovations; Electric Power; Industrial and Cogeneration. vol. 3A, American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), ASME Turbo Expo 2014: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition, GT 2014, Dusseldorf, Germany, 16/6/14. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2014-25842
Kannaiyan K, Sadr R. Experimental study of the effect of fuel properties on spray performance of alternative jet fuel. In Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Cycle Innovations; Electric Power; Industrial and Cogeneration. Vol. 3A. American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). 2014 https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2014-25842
Kannaiyan, Kumaran ; Sadr, Reza. / Experimental study of the effect of fuel properties on spray performance of alternative jet fuel. Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Cycle Innovations; Electric Power; Industrial and Cogeneration. Vol. 3A American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), 2014.
@inproceedings{55807a64a3e440c8a94cb2eeab1f7a74,
title = "Experimental study of the effect of fuel properties on spray performance of alternative jet fuel",
abstract = "Increase in energy demand and stringent emission norms lay emphasis on the need for cleaner, alternative fuels. Application of Gas-to-Liquid (GTL) fuel, a synthetic fuel obtained from Fischer-Tropsch synthesis, as an alternate aviation fuel has been the subject of attention in recent years. This is mainly due to its cleaner combustion characteristics when compared to conventional jet fuel and the reduction of dependence on the crude oil supply. However, chemical and physical properties of the GTL are different from conventional jet fuels owing to the difference in their production methodology. The change in GTL fuel physical properties could potentially alter the atomization characteristics, which, in turn affects the evaporation, mixing, combustion, and finally the pollutant formation processes. Therefore, it is important to have a thorough understanding of the combustion precursors of GTL fuel to better understand the combustion and emission processes. A comprehensive evaluation of the microscopic spray characteristics of GTL and Jet A-1 fuels are carried out using a point-wise laser diagnostic technique, Phase Doppler Anemometry at atmospheric condition. The spray characteristics are investigated at several axial and radial locations of the spray. Results obtained clearly show that the influence of fuel properties on the spray characteristics at atmospheric condition is mostly observed near the nozzle exit, rather than in regions further downstream.",
author = "Kumaran Kannaiyan and Reza Sadr",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1115/GT2014-25842",
language = "English",
volume = "3A",
booktitle = "Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Cycle Innovations; Electric Power; Industrial and Cogeneration",
publisher = "American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Experimental study of the effect of fuel properties on spray performance of alternative jet fuel

AU - Kannaiyan, Kumaran

AU - Sadr, Reza

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Increase in energy demand and stringent emission norms lay emphasis on the need for cleaner, alternative fuels. Application of Gas-to-Liquid (GTL) fuel, a synthetic fuel obtained from Fischer-Tropsch synthesis, as an alternate aviation fuel has been the subject of attention in recent years. This is mainly due to its cleaner combustion characteristics when compared to conventional jet fuel and the reduction of dependence on the crude oil supply. However, chemical and physical properties of the GTL are different from conventional jet fuels owing to the difference in their production methodology. The change in GTL fuel physical properties could potentially alter the atomization characteristics, which, in turn affects the evaporation, mixing, combustion, and finally the pollutant formation processes. Therefore, it is important to have a thorough understanding of the combustion precursors of GTL fuel to better understand the combustion and emission processes. A comprehensive evaluation of the microscopic spray characteristics of GTL and Jet A-1 fuels are carried out using a point-wise laser diagnostic technique, Phase Doppler Anemometry at atmospheric condition. The spray characteristics are investigated at several axial and radial locations of the spray. Results obtained clearly show that the influence of fuel properties on the spray characteristics at atmospheric condition is mostly observed near the nozzle exit, rather than in regions further downstream.

AB - Increase in energy demand and stringent emission norms lay emphasis on the need for cleaner, alternative fuels. Application of Gas-to-Liquid (GTL) fuel, a synthetic fuel obtained from Fischer-Tropsch synthesis, as an alternate aviation fuel has been the subject of attention in recent years. This is mainly due to its cleaner combustion characteristics when compared to conventional jet fuel and the reduction of dependence on the crude oil supply. However, chemical and physical properties of the GTL are different from conventional jet fuels owing to the difference in their production methodology. The change in GTL fuel physical properties could potentially alter the atomization characteristics, which, in turn affects the evaporation, mixing, combustion, and finally the pollutant formation processes. Therefore, it is important to have a thorough understanding of the combustion precursors of GTL fuel to better understand the combustion and emission processes. A comprehensive evaluation of the microscopic spray characteristics of GTL and Jet A-1 fuels are carried out using a point-wise laser diagnostic technique, Phase Doppler Anemometry at atmospheric condition. The spray characteristics are investigated at several axial and radial locations of the spray. Results obtained clearly show that the influence of fuel properties on the spray characteristics at atmospheric condition is mostly observed near the nozzle exit, rather than in regions further downstream.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84944653500&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84944653500&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1115/GT2014-25842

DO - 10.1115/GT2014-25842

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:84944653500

VL - 3A

BT - Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Cycle Innovations; Electric Power; Industrial and Cogeneration

PB - American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)

ER -