Experimental investigation on flow instability in a single vertical microtube

Qian You, Ibrahim Hassan, Lyes Kadem

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The experiments are conducted to study the flow boiling instability in a single microtube with 0.889 mm hydraulic diameter in vertical upward and downward flow directions (VU and VD). The subcooled dielectric liquid FC-72 is driven at mass fluxes varying from 700 to 1400 kg/m2?s, and the heat flux uniformly applied on the microtube surface is up to 9.6 W/cm2. The onsets of flow oscillations (OFIs) in both flow directions are observed. Their oscillation types and characteristics are presented as well. The effects of mass flux and heat flux on flow instability in vertical flow directions are discussed. The results show that as the mass flux increases, the OFI occurrence is postponed, and the compounded oscillation types (Ledinegg, pressure drop and density wave oscillations) turn to pressure drop type dominant. At low mass fluxes, the OFI appears earlier in VD than in VU due to the buoyancy force impeded the bubble discharging. As the mass flux increases, the OFI appearance in VD is close to the ones in VU and its flow oscillations tend to be re-stabilized. After OFIs appeared at a given mass flux, with more heat flux added, the density wave oscillation type in VU becomes more active. However, at a constant mass flux, as the heat flux increases, the flow instability in VD becomes "stable" which may be due to the rapid flow pattern change, and this kind of "stable" is not expected because the local dryout may accompany. Hence, the microtube with vertical upward flow direction (VU) performs better from flow boiling instability point of view.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationASME 2015 13th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels, ICNMM 2015, collocated with the ASME 2015 International Technical Conference and Exhibition on Packaging and Integration of Electronic and Photonic Microsystems
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers
ISBN (Electronic)9780791856871
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
EventASME 2015 13th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels, ICNMM 2015, collocated with the ASME 2015 International Technical Conference and Exhibition on Packaging and Integration of Electronic and Photonic Microsystems - San Francisco, United States
Duration: 6 Jul 20159 Jul 2015

Other

OtherASME 2015 13th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels, ICNMM 2015, collocated with the ASME 2015 International Technical Conference and Exhibition on Packaging and Integration of Electronic and Photonic Microsystems
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco
Period6/7/159/7/15

Fingerprint

Mass transfer
Heat flux
Boiling liquids
Pressure drop
Dielectric liquids
Buoyancy
Bubbles (in fluids)
Flow patterns
Hydraulics
Direction compound
Experiments

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Process Chemistry and Technology

Cite this

You, Q., Hassan, I., & Kadem, L. (2015). Experimental investigation on flow instability in a single vertical microtube. In ASME 2015 13th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels, ICNMM 2015, collocated with the ASME 2015 International Technical Conference and Exhibition on Packaging and Integration of Electronic and Photonic Microsystems American Society of Mechanical Engineers. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICNMM2015-48426

Experimental investigation on flow instability in a single vertical microtube. / You, Qian; Hassan, Ibrahim; Kadem, Lyes.

ASME 2015 13th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels, ICNMM 2015, collocated with the ASME 2015 International Technical Conference and Exhibition on Packaging and Integration of Electronic and Photonic Microsystems. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2015.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

You, Q, Hassan, I & Kadem, L 2015, Experimental investigation on flow instability in a single vertical microtube. in ASME 2015 13th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels, ICNMM 2015, collocated with the ASME 2015 International Technical Conference and Exhibition on Packaging and Integration of Electronic and Photonic Microsystems. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, ASME 2015 13th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels, ICNMM 2015, collocated with the ASME 2015 International Technical Conference and Exhibition on Packaging and Integration of Electronic and Photonic Microsystems, San Francisco, United States, 6/7/15. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICNMM2015-48426
You Q, Hassan I, Kadem L. Experimental investigation on flow instability in a single vertical microtube. In ASME 2015 13th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels, ICNMM 2015, collocated with the ASME 2015 International Technical Conference and Exhibition on Packaging and Integration of Electronic and Photonic Microsystems. American Society of Mechanical Engineers. 2015 https://doi.org/10.1115/ICNMM2015-48426
You, Qian ; Hassan, Ibrahim ; Kadem, Lyes. / Experimental investigation on flow instability in a single vertical microtube. ASME 2015 13th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels, ICNMM 2015, collocated with the ASME 2015 International Technical Conference and Exhibition on Packaging and Integration of Electronic and Photonic Microsystems. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2015.
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AB - The experiments are conducted to study the flow boiling instability in a single microtube with 0.889 mm hydraulic diameter in vertical upward and downward flow directions (VU and VD). The subcooled dielectric liquid FC-72 is driven at mass fluxes varying from 700 to 1400 kg/m2?s, and the heat flux uniformly applied on the microtube surface is up to 9.6 W/cm2. The onsets of flow oscillations (OFIs) in both flow directions are observed. Their oscillation types and characteristics are presented as well. The effects of mass flux and heat flux on flow instability in vertical flow directions are discussed. The results show that as the mass flux increases, the OFI occurrence is postponed, and the compounded oscillation types (Ledinegg, pressure drop and density wave oscillations) turn to pressure drop type dominant. At low mass fluxes, the OFI appears earlier in VD than in VU due to the buoyancy force impeded the bubble discharging. As the mass flux increases, the OFI appearance in VD is close to the ones in VU and its flow oscillations tend to be re-stabilized. After OFIs appeared at a given mass flux, with more heat flux added, the density wave oscillation type in VU becomes more active. However, at a constant mass flux, as the heat flux increases, the flow instability in VD becomes "stable" which may be due to the rapid flow pattern change, and this kind of "stable" is not expected because the local dryout may accompany. Hence, the microtube with vertical upward flow direction (VU) performs better from flow boiling instability point of view.

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