Experimental investigation of double-pipe heat exchangers in air conditioning applications

Saud Ghani, Seifelislam Mahmoud Ahmad Gamaledin, Mohammed Mohammed Rashwan, Muataz Atieh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)


The increased demand of energy in domestic applications necessitates the development of innovative engineering solutions in building heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems. As the largest energy intensive sector is domestic buildings, more focus is currently directed to reduce air conditioning energy consumption. Double-pipe heat exchangers are considered one of the practical solutions in today's HVAC industry. Nevertheless, a few studies focus on using double-pipe heat exchangers in air conditioning applications. This paper experimentally investigates the usage of double-pipe condenser and evaporator in an air conditioning system serving a 45 m3 balanced calorimeter of 2.24 kW heat load. Deionized water (DIW) was used as the secondary heat transfer working fluid for both the evaporator and condenser units, and R-22 was used as the AC system refrigerant. Experimental results of the double-pipe heat evaporator/condenser setup showed a promising reduction in the compressor work and an increase in the system coefficient of performance (COP). The collected data showed that the system efficiency depends more on the evaporator DIW flowrate than on the condenser DIW flowrate. By increasing the DIW flowrate in the evaporator, the compressor work was shown to decrease, while the COP was shown to increase. In comparison with a standard rated air conditioning unit, using a double-pipe evaporator and condenser units with the maximum DIW flowrates resulted in a decrease of about 53% in the compressor work and a similar percentage of increase in the system COP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)801-811
Number of pages11
JournalEnergy and Buildings
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018



  • Coefficient of performance (COP)
  • Double-pipe heat exchanger
  • Energy consumption
  • Heating ventilating and air conditioning (HVAC)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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