Experimental characterization of glass-ceramic seal properties and their constitutive implementation in solid oxide fuel cell stack models

E. V. Stephens, J. S. Vetrano, B. J. Koeppel, Y. Chou, X. Sun, M. A. Khaleel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Citations (Scopus)


This paper discusses experimental determination of solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) glass-ceramic seal material properties and seal/interconnect interfacial properties to support development and optimization of SOFC designs through modeling. Material property experiments such as dynamic resonance, dilatometry, flexure, creep, tensile, and shear tests were performed on PNNL's glass-ceramic sealant material, designated as G18, to obtain property data essential to constitutive and numerical model development. Characterization methods for the physical, mechanical, and interfacial properties of the sealing material, results, and their application to the constitutive implementation in SOFC stack modeling are described.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)625-631
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 5 Sep 2009
Externally publishedYes



  • Finite element analysis
  • Glass-ceramic sealant
  • Property characterization
  • Solid oxide fuel cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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