Experimental and multiscale modeling of thermal conductivity and elastic properties of PLA/expanded graphite polymer nanocomposites

Bohayra Mortazavi, Fatima Hassouna, Abdelghani Laachachi, Ali Rajabpour, Said Ahzi, David Chapron, Valérie Toniazzo, David Ruch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We developed experimental as well as theoretically based hierarchical multiscale procedures for the evaluation of effective elastic modulus and thermal conductivity of poly-lactide (PLA)/expanded graphite (EG) nanocomposites. The incorporation of EG fillers into PLA was carried out by a twin-screw micro-extruder. The dispersion/delamination of EG in PLA was studied using Raman spectroscopy, SEM and TEM. In the multiscale modeling, the thermal conductivity constants and stiffness tensor of EG were first acquired by the means of molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. Using the fillers' properties obtained by the MD, we developed finite elements (FE) models to evaluate the effective thermal conductivity and elastic modulus of PLA/EG nanocomposites. Our results, for a wide range of temperatures revealed the efficiency in thermal and mechanical reinforcement of PLA by incorporation of EG nanoparticles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)106-113
Number of pages8
JournalThermochimica Acta
Volume552
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jan 2013

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Keywords

  • Elastic modulus
  • Expanded graphite
  • Multiscale
  • Nanocomposites
  • Thermal conductivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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