Evaluation of the thermal runaway decomposition of cumene hydroperoxide by adiabatic calorimetry

Olga Reyes Valdesa, Valeria Casson Moreno, Sam Mannan, Luc Vechot

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Many industrial accidents in the recent past showed that the thermal decomposition of Cumene Hydroperoxide (CHP) can lead to runaway reactions and subsequent fires and explosions. Still this organic peroxide is extensively used in the petrochemical industry. This paper is aimed at a better understanding of the possible consequences of CHP decomposition by analyzing its thermal behavior when dissolved in a high boiling point solvent using two different adiabatic calorimeters. The experimental data obtained allowed us to assess the general trends on the main runaway parameters and to characterized the thermal decomposition of the mixture with respect to the peroxide concentration, as well as the influence of the thermal inertia of the equipment. The gas generation rate for each of experiment was calculated and then corrected to adiabatic conditions. The data generated can assist as a guidance for designing processes where CHP is involved, along with their safeguards.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationChemical Engineering Transactions
PublisherItalian Association of Chemical Engineering - AIDIC
Pages1009-1014
Number of pages6
Volume43
ISBN (Electronic)9788895608341
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Publication series

NameChemical Engineering Transactions
Volume43
ISSN (Electronic)22839216

Fingerprint

Calorimetry
Peroxides
Pyrolysis
Boiling point
Calorimeters
Petrochemicals
Explosions
Accidents
Fires
Decomposition
Gases
Industry
Experiments
Hot Temperature
cumene hydroperoxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Reyes Valdesa, O., Casson Moreno, V., Mannan, S., & Vechot, L. (2015). Evaluation of the thermal runaway decomposition of cumene hydroperoxide by adiabatic calorimetry. In Chemical Engineering Transactions (Vol. 43, pp. 1009-1014). (Chemical Engineering Transactions; Vol. 43). Italian Association of Chemical Engineering - AIDIC. https://doi.org/10.3303/CET1543169

Evaluation of the thermal runaway decomposition of cumene hydroperoxide by adiabatic calorimetry. / Reyes Valdesa, Olga; Casson Moreno, Valeria; Mannan, Sam; Vechot, Luc.

Chemical Engineering Transactions. Vol. 43 Italian Association of Chemical Engineering - AIDIC, 2015. p. 1009-1014 (Chemical Engineering Transactions; Vol. 43).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Reyes Valdesa, O, Casson Moreno, V, Mannan, S & Vechot, L 2015, Evaluation of the thermal runaway decomposition of cumene hydroperoxide by adiabatic calorimetry. in Chemical Engineering Transactions. vol. 43, Chemical Engineering Transactions, vol. 43, Italian Association of Chemical Engineering - AIDIC, pp. 1009-1014. https://doi.org/10.3303/CET1543169
Reyes Valdesa O, Casson Moreno V, Mannan S, Vechot L. Evaluation of the thermal runaway decomposition of cumene hydroperoxide by adiabatic calorimetry. In Chemical Engineering Transactions. Vol. 43. Italian Association of Chemical Engineering - AIDIC. 2015. p. 1009-1014. (Chemical Engineering Transactions). https://doi.org/10.3303/CET1543169
Reyes Valdesa, Olga ; Casson Moreno, Valeria ; Mannan, Sam ; Vechot, Luc. / Evaluation of the thermal runaway decomposition of cumene hydroperoxide by adiabatic calorimetry. Chemical Engineering Transactions. Vol. 43 Italian Association of Chemical Engineering - AIDIC, 2015. pp. 1009-1014 (Chemical Engineering Transactions).
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