Epigenetic silencing of DAPK1 gene is associated with faster disease progression in India populations with chronic myeloid leukemia

Rashid Mir, Imtiyaz Ahmad, Jamsheed Javid, Shazia Farooq, Prasant Yadav, Mariyam Zuberi, M. Masroor, Sameer Guru, Ajaz Ahmad Bhat, Tanveer Ah Khatlani, Naresh Gupta, P. C. Ray, Alpana Saxena

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: One of the major epigenetic changes in human cancer is DNA methylation of tumour suppressor genes which leads to silencing of gene leading to disease progression. Therefore, DNA methylation status of such genes may serve as the epigenetic biomarker for prognosis of human Chronic Myeloid Leukemia. Material and methods: We used MSP-PCR technique for the analysis of aberrant promoter DAPK1 methylation on 200 CML venous blood samples. Stastical analysis was done for evaluating differences between different parameters using SPSS 16.0 version. Results: We could detect 91/200 promoter methylation (45.5%) in CML patients. Percentage of methylation detected was seen higher in blast phase (63.07%) and in accelerated phase (48.1%) than in chronic phase (29.6%). A significant correlation was seen between CML stages and DAPK1 aberrant methylation. We also found a significant association of DAPK1 methylation in gender and in haematological resistance CML patients. However no correlation was found between DAPK1 promoter methylation and other clinical parameters like age, BCR-ABL type and Thrombocytopenia. Conclusion: In summary we concluded that methylation status of DAPK1 gene is associated with advanced phase of CML and may be related to disease progression in chronic myeloid leukemia. Further study on a more number of patients is needed to explore the role of DAPK1 methylation in the prognosis of CML.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)144-149
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Cancer Science and Therapy
Volume5
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 May 2013
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Chronic myeloid leukemia
  • DAPK1 Gene
  • Methylation
  • MSP-PCR technique

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Mir, R., Ahmad, I., Javid, J., Farooq, S., Yadav, P., Zuberi, M., Masroor, M., Guru, S., Bhat, A. A., Ah Khatlani, T., Gupta, N., Ray, P. C., & Saxena, A. (2013). Epigenetic silencing of DAPK1 gene is associated with faster disease progression in India populations with chronic myeloid leukemia. Journal of Cancer Science and Therapy, 5(4), 144-149. https://doi.org/10.4172/1948-5956.1000201