Enhanced ubiquitin-proteasome activity in calreticulin deficient cells: A compensatory mechanism for cell survival

Anton V. Uvarov, Nasrin Mesaeli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Calreticulin is a lectin chaperone essential for intracellular calcium homeostasis. Deletion of calreticulin gene compromises the overall quality control within the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) leading to activation of the unfolded protein response. However, the ER structure of calreticulin deficient cells (crt-/-) is not altered due to accumulation of misfolded proteins. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine whether the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway is activated in crt-/- cells as a compensatory mechanism for cell survival. Here we show a significant increase in the expression of genes involved in ER associated degradation and activation of the ubiquitin-proteasome system in crt-/- cells. We also demonstrated that the ubiquitination of two proteins processed in ER, connexin 43 and A1AT NHK (α1-antitrypsin mutant) are increased in crt-/- cells. Furthermore, we showed that the increased proteasome activity in the crt-/- cells could be rescued upon re-introduction of calreticulin or calsequestrin (a muscle calcium binding protein). We also illustrated that increased cytosolic Ca2+ enhances the proteasome activity. Interestingly, suppression of calnexin function using siRNA further elevated the proteasome activity in crt-/- cells. This is the first report to show that loss of calreticulin function enhances the ubiquitin-proteasome activity which could function as a compensatory mechanism for cell survival.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1237-1247
Number of pages11
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Cell Research
Volume1783
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Calreticulin
Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex
Ubiquitin
Cell Survival
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Calsequestrin
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Associated Degradation
Calnexin
Unfolded Protein Response
Connexin 43
Calcium-Binding Proteins
Ubiquitination
Gene Deletion
Lectins
Quality Control
Small Interfering RNA
Proteins
Homeostasis
Calcium
Gene Expression

Keywords

  • Calcium
  • Calreticulin
  • Endoplasmic reticulum stress
  • Proteasome
  • Protein degradation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

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abstract = "Calreticulin is a lectin chaperone essential for intracellular calcium homeostasis. Deletion of calreticulin gene compromises the overall quality control within the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) leading to activation of the unfolded protein response. However, the ER structure of calreticulin deficient cells (crt-/-) is not altered due to accumulation of misfolded proteins. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine whether the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway is activated in crt-/- cells as a compensatory mechanism for cell survival. Here we show a significant increase in the expression of genes involved in ER associated degradation and activation of the ubiquitin-proteasome system in crt-/- cells. We also demonstrated that the ubiquitination of two proteins processed in ER, connexin 43 and A1AT NHK (α1-antitrypsin mutant) are increased in crt-/- cells. Furthermore, we showed that the increased proteasome activity in the crt-/- cells could be rescued upon re-introduction of calreticulin or calsequestrin (a muscle calcium binding protein). We also illustrated that increased cytosolic Ca2+ enhances the proteasome activity. Interestingly, suppression of calnexin function using siRNA further elevated the proteasome activity in crt-/- cells. This is the first report to show that loss of calreticulin function enhances the ubiquitin-proteasome activity which could function as a compensatory mechanism for cell survival.",
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T1 - Enhanced ubiquitin-proteasome activity in calreticulin deficient cells

T2 - A compensatory mechanism for cell survival

AU - Uvarov, Anton V.

AU - Mesaeli, Nasrin

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N2 - Calreticulin is a lectin chaperone essential for intracellular calcium homeostasis. Deletion of calreticulin gene compromises the overall quality control within the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) leading to activation of the unfolded protein response. However, the ER structure of calreticulin deficient cells (crt-/-) is not altered due to accumulation of misfolded proteins. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine whether the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway is activated in crt-/- cells as a compensatory mechanism for cell survival. Here we show a significant increase in the expression of genes involved in ER associated degradation and activation of the ubiquitin-proteasome system in crt-/- cells. We also demonstrated that the ubiquitination of two proteins processed in ER, connexin 43 and A1AT NHK (α1-antitrypsin mutant) are increased in crt-/- cells. Furthermore, we showed that the increased proteasome activity in the crt-/- cells could be rescued upon re-introduction of calreticulin or calsequestrin (a muscle calcium binding protein). We also illustrated that increased cytosolic Ca2+ enhances the proteasome activity. Interestingly, suppression of calnexin function using siRNA further elevated the proteasome activity in crt-/- cells. This is the first report to show that loss of calreticulin function enhances the ubiquitin-proteasome activity which could function as a compensatory mechanism for cell survival.

AB - Calreticulin is a lectin chaperone essential for intracellular calcium homeostasis. Deletion of calreticulin gene compromises the overall quality control within the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) leading to activation of the unfolded protein response. However, the ER structure of calreticulin deficient cells (crt-/-) is not altered due to accumulation of misfolded proteins. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine whether the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway is activated in crt-/- cells as a compensatory mechanism for cell survival. Here we show a significant increase in the expression of genes involved in ER associated degradation and activation of the ubiquitin-proteasome system in crt-/- cells. We also demonstrated that the ubiquitination of two proteins processed in ER, connexin 43 and A1AT NHK (α1-antitrypsin mutant) are increased in crt-/- cells. Furthermore, we showed that the increased proteasome activity in the crt-/- cells could be rescued upon re-introduction of calreticulin or calsequestrin (a muscle calcium binding protein). We also illustrated that increased cytosolic Ca2+ enhances the proteasome activity. Interestingly, suppression of calnexin function using siRNA further elevated the proteasome activity in crt-/- cells. This is the first report to show that loss of calreticulin function enhances the ubiquitin-proteasome activity which could function as a compensatory mechanism for cell survival.

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