Enhanced adsorption of phenols from liquids by aluminum oxide/carbon nanotubes: Comprehensive study from synthesis to surface properties

Ihsanullah, Hamza A. Asmaly, Tawfik A. Saleh, Tahar Laoui, Vinod Kumar Gupta, Muataz Atieh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the present work, alumina/carbon nanotube nanocomposite was synthesized and characterized using field emission scanning electron microscopy (SEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface analyzer. The nanocomposite was evaluated for the 4-chlorophenol and phenol removal from aqueous solution with comparison to the pristine carbon nanotubes. Batch adsorption experiments were carried out to evaluate the effect of pH, agitation speed, contact time, adsorbent dosage, and initial concentration on the 4-chlorophenol and phenol removal efficiency. Experimental result showed the adsorption of 4-chlorophenol and phenol by nanocomposite to be pH dependent with the highest removal achieved at pH 6. CNTs showed better adsorption efficiency than CNT-Al2O3 which could be assigned to the increase in the surface area from 155.5 m2/g of CNT to 227.5 m2/g of CNT-Al2O3. Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm models were applied for analyzing adsorption equilibrium data of 4-chlorophenol removal on the as-prepared nanocomposite and pristine carbon nanotubes, which suggested that the Langmuir model provides better correlation of the experimental data with R2 of 0.994 and 0.999 respectively. While for phenol, correlation coefficients of Langmuir adsorption isotherm model were 95% and 99.4% for CNT and CNT-Al2O3 respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)176-182
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Molecular Liquids
Volume206
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Fingerprint

Carbon Nanotubes
Aluminum Oxide
Phenols
Phenol
phenols
surface properties
Surface properties
Carbon nanotubes
Nanocomposites
aluminum oxides
carbon nanotubes
Aluminum
Adsorption
adsorption
Oxides
Liquids
synthesis
liquids
nanocomposites
Adsorption isotherms

Keywords

  • 4-Chlorophenol
  • Adsorption
  • Aluminum oxide impregnation
  • Carbon nanotubes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Spectroscopy
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Enhanced adsorption of phenols from liquids by aluminum oxide/carbon nanotubes : Comprehensive study from synthesis to surface properties. / Ihsanullah; Asmaly, Hamza A.; Saleh, Tawfik A.; Laoui, Tahar; Gupta, Vinod Kumar; Atieh, Muataz.

In: Journal of Molecular Liquids, Vol. 206, 2015, p. 176-182.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ihsanullah ; Asmaly, Hamza A. ; Saleh, Tawfik A. ; Laoui, Tahar ; Gupta, Vinod Kumar ; Atieh, Muataz. / Enhanced adsorption of phenols from liquids by aluminum oxide/carbon nanotubes : Comprehensive study from synthesis to surface properties. In: Journal of Molecular Liquids. 2015 ; Vol. 206. pp. 176-182.
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AB - In the present work, alumina/carbon nanotube nanocomposite was synthesized and characterized using field emission scanning electron microscopy (SEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface analyzer. The nanocomposite was evaluated for the 4-chlorophenol and phenol removal from aqueous solution with comparison to the pristine carbon nanotubes. Batch adsorption experiments were carried out to evaluate the effect of pH, agitation speed, contact time, adsorbent dosage, and initial concentration on the 4-chlorophenol and phenol removal efficiency. Experimental result showed the adsorption of 4-chlorophenol and phenol by nanocomposite to be pH dependent with the highest removal achieved at pH 6. CNTs showed better adsorption efficiency than CNT-Al2O3 which could be assigned to the increase in the surface area from 155.5 m2/g of CNT to 227.5 m2/g of CNT-Al2O3. Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm models were applied for analyzing adsorption equilibrium data of 4-chlorophenol removal on the as-prepared nanocomposite and pristine carbon nanotubes, which suggested that the Langmuir model provides better correlation of the experimental data with R2 of 0.994 and 0.999 respectively. While for phenol, correlation coefficients of Langmuir adsorption isotherm model were 95% and 99.4% for CNT and CNT-Al2O3 respectively.

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