Air conditioning systems in Kuwait consume about 75% of the electric energy generated at peak load time. Measures need to be taken to ensure efficient use and operation of A/ C systems, in order to reduce energy consumed in buildings, reduce the need for construction of additional new power plants, reduce emission of CO 2 from fossil fuel power plants, and protect the environment. Measures for efficient use and operation of A/C systems are discussed in this paper. Some measures are to be employed during the building design-construction stage, and others may be used during retrofitting of existing buildings. These measures include: application of an integrated approach for the design of a building and its mechanical systems like A/C, hot water, lighting, and others; good insulation of the building envelope (roofs, walls, windows, etc.); reduction in ventilation load by using the minimum required outside air; minimization of infiltration load by careful sealing of openings and cracks; use of efficient windows and shading devices; application of more efficient lighting systems; sizing and selection of more efficient A/C equipment; energy conscious operation and maintenance and enforcement of building efficiency codes. The effect of energy efficient air conditioning system on the electric power consumption in Kuwait is also discussed.
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||Kuwait Journal of Science and Engineering|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Dec 2005|
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