Energy efficient Air conditioning: Case study for Kuwait

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Abstract

Air conditioning systems in Kuwait consume about 75% of the electric energy generated at peak load time. Measures need to be taken to ensure efficient use and operation of A/ C systems, in order to reduce energy consumed in buildings, reduce the need for construction of additional new power plants, reduce emission of CO 2 from fossil fuel power plants, and protect the environment. Measures for efficient use and operation of A/C systems are discussed in this paper. Some measures are to be employed during the building design-construction stage, and others may be used during retrofitting of existing buildings. These measures include: application of an integrated approach for the design of a building and its mechanical systems like A/C, hot water, lighting, and others; good insulation of the building envelope (roofs, walls, windows, etc.); reduction in ventilation load by using the minimum required outside air; minimization of infiltration load by careful sealing of openings and cracks; use of efficient windows and shading devices; application of more efficient lighting systems; sizing and selection of more efficient A/C equipment; energy conscious operation and maintenance and enforcement of building efficiency codes. The effect of energy efficient air conditioning system on the electric power consumption in Kuwait is also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)209-222
Number of pages14
JournalKuwait Journal of Science and Engineering
Volume32
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2005

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