Energy Assessment of Seawater Toilet Flushing in Qatar

Hamish Mackey, Saad Hafiz, Sami G. Al Ghamdi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Seawater toilet flushing (SWTF) is an alternative water source that has been utilised in Hong Kong for economical water supply and demonstrated using other Asian case studies. Yet how the impact of SWTF translates to other regions with different water supply sources and wastewater discharge requirements remains unexplored. In this study, we look at SWTF for the water-scarce Middle East using Doha, Qatar as a case study. We demonstrate the importance of wastewater discharge conditions on the effectiveness of this technology and the role that corresponding water conservation efforts may play. Where water reuse is a baseline condition the effectiveness of SWTF is limited.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNew Trends in Urban Drainage Modelling - UDM 2018
EditorsGiorgio Mannina
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Pages963-968
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9783319998664
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019
Event11th International Conference on Urban Drainage Modelling, UDM 2018 - Palermo, Italy
Duration: 23 Sep 201826 Sep 2018

Publication series

NameGreen Energy and Technology
ISSN (Print)1865-3529
ISSN (Electronic)1865-3537

Conference

Conference11th International Conference on Urban Drainage Modelling, UDM 2018
CountryItaly
CityPalermo
Period23/9/1826/9/18

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Keywords

  • Desalination
  • Scope boundary
  • Water resources

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

Mackey, H., Hafiz, S., & Al Ghamdi, S. G. (2019). Energy Assessment of Seawater Toilet Flushing in Qatar. In G. Mannina (Ed.), New Trends in Urban Drainage Modelling - UDM 2018 (pp. 963-968). (Green Energy and Technology). Springer Verlag. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-99867-1_166