Energy and water in Kuwait: A sustainability viewpoint, Part II

M. A. Darwish, A. M. Darwish

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)


In Kuwait, the daily consumption per capita of electric power is 14,000 kWh, and of desalted water is 600 L. These are among the highest in the world, and the total consumption of each is almost doubled every 10 years. The cogeneration power desalting plants CPDP producing these two commodities consumed about 54% of the total 150 millions barrels of fuel consumed in the year 2005. If these consumption and production patterns prevail, the fuel oil produced in the country can be fully consumed locally in 30 years, with nothing left for export, the main source of income. The picture can be changed if better desalted water and power production methods are used. These include changing the desalting method from multistage flash MSF known by its high energy consumption to the more energy efficient seawater reverse osmosis SWRO; and power production method of steam or gas turbine cycles to combined gas/steam turbine combined cycle known of its high efficiency. The energy consumed by the air conditioning AC systems should be reduced by using better codes of building insulation and more efficient AC systems. Other conservation methods to reduce water consumption and the energy consumed by transportation are outlined in this paper.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)140-152
Number of pages13
Issue number1-3
Publication statusPublished - 30 Sep 2008


  • Air conditioning energy consumption
  • Cogeneration power desalting plants
  • Combined cycles
  • Gas turbines
  • Multi-effect desalting systems
  • Multi-stage flash desalting methods
  • Power consumption
  • Reverse osmosis desalting methods
  • Steam turbine
  • Transportation
  • Wastewater treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Mechanical Engineering

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