Energetic materials in ceramics synthesis

J. J. Kingsley, L. R. Pederson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

55 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Combustion of a proper combination of an oxidizer and a fuel can produce the exothermicity required for the simultaneous synthesis of oxide ceramic powders. Oxidizers include metal nitrates, ammonium nitrate, and ammonium perchlorate, while urea, carbohydrazide, glycine and others have been used successfully as fuels. Combustion methods are particularly well-suited to producing multicomponent metal oxides, yielding compositionally homogeneous, fine particles with low impurity content. Organic fuels, particularly those containing nitrogen, also serve as a complexant in the precursor, which inhibits inhomogeneous precipitation from occurring prior to combustion. The exothermic redox decomposition of these oxidizer-fuel mixtures is initiated at low temperatures, usually <250 °C. Properties of the products are influenced by the nature of the fuel and the oxidizer/fuel ratio. Many technologically important oxide ceramics have been produced by these methods.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMaterials Research Society Symposium Proceedings
Place of PublicationPittsburgh, PA, United States
PublisherPubl by Materials Research Society
Pages361-366
Number of pages6
Volume296
ISBN (Print)1558991913
Publication statusPublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes
EventSymposium on Atomic-scale Imaging of Surfaces and Interfaces -
Duration: 30 Nov 19922 Dec 1992

Other

OtherSymposium on Atomic-scale Imaging of Surfaces and Interfaces
Period30/11/922/12/92

Fingerprint

Oxides
Nitrates
Metals
Urea
Powders
Glycine
Amino acids
Nitrogen
Impurities
Decomposition
Temperature
carbohydrazide
Oxidation-Reduction
ammonium perchlorate
ammonium nitrate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

Cite this

Kingsley, J. J., & Pederson, L. R. (1993). Energetic materials in ceramics synthesis. In Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings (Vol. 296, pp. 361-366). Pittsburgh, PA, United States: Publ by Materials Research Society.

Energetic materials in ceramics synthesis. / Kingsley, J. J.; Pederson, L. R.

Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings. Vol. 296 Pittsburgh, PA, United States : Publ by Materials Research Society, 1993. p. 361-366.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Kingsley, JJ & Pederson, LR 1993, Energetic materials in ceramics synthesis. in Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings. vol. 296, Publ by Materials Research Society, Pittsburgh, PA, United States, pp. 361-366, Symposium on Atomic-scale Imaging of Surfaces and Interfaces, 30/11/92.
Kingsley JJ, Pederson LR. Energetic materials in ceramics synthesis. In Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings. Vol. 296. Pittsburgh, PA, United States: Publ by Materials Research Society. 1993. p. 361-366
Kingsley, J. J. ; Pederson, L. R. / Energetic materials in ceramics synthesis. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings. Vol. 296 Pittsburgh, PA, United States : Publ by Materials Research Society, 1993. pp. 361-366
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