Endoplasmic reticulum stress enhances endocytosis in calreticulin deficient cells

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Calreticulin an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) chaperone that is involved in the quality control process and plays an important role as a regulator of intracellular calcium homeostasis. Previously, we illustrated that loss of calreticulin (crt−/−) results in the activation of ubiquitin-proteasome pathway facilitating the increased resistance to apoptosis. Our preliminary data illustrated a significant increase in the endocytosis in the calreticulin knockout mouse embryonic fibroblast cells (crt−/−). Therefore, we hypothesized that the mechanism for this increased endocytosis in the crt−/− cells is due to onset of ER stress. To test this hypothesis, we measured endocytosis in the wild type (wt) and crt−/− cells using uptake of fluorescent dextran and showed a significant increase in the rate of its uptake in crt−/− cells as compared to wt cells. To determine the endocytic pathway involved we examined both clathrin and caveolin-1 dependent endocytosis. Our results illustrated no change in the expression of clathrin heavy chain while there was a significant increase in the expression of caveolin-1 in the crt−/− cells as compared to the wt cells. Furthermore, using shRNA we illustrated that knockdown of clathrin heavy chain had no effect on endocytosis in the crt−/− cells. While knock-down of caveolin-1 significantly reduced endocytosis in the crt−/− cells. Finally, we illustrated that a chemical chaperone, 4‑phenylbutyrate significantly reduced both the endoplasmic reticulum stress and endocytosis in the crt−/− cells. Our data shows for the first time, that ER stress led to enhanced caveolin-1 mediated endocytosis and reversal of ER stress reduces endocytosis.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Cell Research
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 1 Jan 2019

Fingerprint

Calreticulin
Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress
Endocytosis
Caveolin 1
Clathrin Heavy Chains
Clathrin
Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex
Ubiquitin
Dextrans
Knockout Mice
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Quality Control
Small Interfering RNA
Homeostasis
Fibroblasts

Keywords

  • Calreticulin
  • Caveolin-1
  • Endocytosis
  • Endoplasmic reticulum stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

@article{a95fa735cf1c46009c2ed75974fb9b3b,
title = "Endoplasmic reticulum stress enhances endocytosis in calreticulin deficient cells",
abstract = "Calreticulin an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) chaperone that is involved in the quality control process and plays an important role as a regulator of intracellular calcium homeostasis. Previously, we illustrated that loss of calreticulin (crt−/−) results in the activation of ubiquitin-proteasome pathway facilitating the increased resistance to apoptosis. Our preliminary data illustrated a significant increase in the endocytosis in the calreticulin knockout mouse embryonic fibroblast cells (crt−/−). Therefore, we hypothesized that the mechanism for this increased endocytosis in the crt−/− cells is due to onset of ER stress. To test this hypothesis, we measured endocytosis in the wild type (wt) and crt−/− cells using uptake of fluorescent dextran and showed a significant increase in the rate of its uptake in crt−/− cells as compared to wt cells. To determine the endocytic pathway involved we examined both clathrin and caveolin-1 dependent endocytosis. Our results illustrated no change in the expression of clathrin heavy chain while there was a significant increase in the expression of caveolin-1 in the crt−/− cells as compared to the wt cells. Furthermore, using shRNA we illustrated that knockdown of clathrin heavy chain had no effect on endocytosis in the crt−/− cells. While knock-down of caveolin-1 significantly reduced endocytosis in the crt−/− cells. Finally, we illustrated that a chemical chaperone, 4‑phenylbutyrate significantly reduced both the endoplasmic reticulum stress and endocytosis in the crt−/− cells. Our data shows for the first time, that ER stress led to enhanced caveolin-1 mediated endocytosis and reversal of ER stress reduces endocytosis.",
keywords = "Calreticulin, Caveolin-1, Endocytosis, Endoplasmic reticulum stress",
author = "Hamid Massaeli and Divya Viswanathan and Pillai, {Dhanya Govind} and Nasrin Mesaeli",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.bbamcr.2018.12.003",
language = "English",
journal = "Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Cell Research",
issn = "0167-4889",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Endoplasmic reticulum stress enhances endocytosis in calreticulin deficient cells

AU - Massaeli, Hamid

AU - Viswanathan, Divya

AU - Pillai, Dhanya Govind

AU - Mesaeli, Nasrin

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Calreticulin an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) chaperone that is involved in the quality control process and plays an important role as a regulator of intracellular calcium homeostasis. Previously, we illustrated that loss of calreticulin (crt−/−) results in the activation of ubiquitin-proteasome pathway facilitating the increased resistance to apoptosis. Our preliminary data illustrated a significant increase in the endocytosis in the calreticulin knockout mouse embryonic fibroblast cells (crt−/−). Therefore, we hypothesized that the mechanism for this increased endocytosis in the crt−/− cells is due to onset of ER stress. To test this hypothesis, we measured endocytosis in the wild type (wt) and crt−/− cells using uptake of fluorescent dextran and showed a significant increase in the rate of its uptake in crt−/− cells as compared to wt cells. To determine the endocytic pathway involved we examined both clathrin and caveolin-1 dependent endocytosis. Our results illustrated no change in the expression of clathrin heavy chain while there was a significant increase in the expression of caveolin-1 in the crt−/− cells as compared to the wt cells. Furthermore, using shRNA we illustrated that knockdown of clathrin heavy chain had no effect on endocytosis in the crt−/− cells. While knock-down of caveolin-1 significantly reduced endocytosis in the crt−/− cells. Finally, we illustrated that a chemical chaperone, 4‑phenylbutyrate significantly reduced both the endoplasmic reticulum stress and endocytosis in the crt−/− cells. Our data shows for the first time, that ER stress led to enhanced caveolin-1 mediated endocytosis and reversal of ER stress reduces endocytosis.

AB - Calreticulin an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) chaperone that is involved in the quality control process and plays an important role as a regulator of intracellular calcium homeostasis. Previously, we illustrated that loss of calreticulin (crt−/−) results in the activation of ubiquitin-proteasome pathway facilitating the increased resistance to apoptosis. Our preliminary data illustrated a significant increase in the endocytosis in the calreticulin knockout mouse embryonic fibroblast cells (crt−/−). Therefore, we hypothesized that the mechanism for this increased endocytosis in the crt−/− cells is due to onset of ER stress. To test this hypothesis, we measured endocytosis in the wild type (wt) and crt−/− cells using uptake of fluorescent dextran and showed a significant increase in the rate of its uptake in crt−/− cells as compared to wt cells. To determine the endocytic pathway involved we examined both clathrin and caveolin-1 dependent endocytosis. Our results illustrated no change in the expression of clathrin heavy chain while there was a significant increase in the expression of caveolin-1 in the crt−/− cells as compared to the wt cells. Furthermore, using shRNA we illustrated that knockdown of clathrin heavy chain had no effect on endocytosis in the crt−/− cells. While knock-down of caveolin-1 significantly reduced endocytosis in the crt−/− cells. Finally, we illustrated that a chemical chaperone, 4‑phenylbutyrate significantly reduced both the endoplasmic reticulum stress and endocytosis in the crt−/− cells. Our data shows for the first time, that ER stress led to enhanced caveolin-1 mediated endocytosis and reversal of ER stress reduces endocytosis.

KW - Calreticulin

KW - Caveolin-1

KW - Endocytosis

KW - Endoplasmic reticulum stress

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85059735016&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85059735016&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.bbamcr.2018.12.003

DO - 10.1016/j.bbamcr.2018.12.003

M3 - Article

JO - Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Cell Research

JF - Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Cell Research

SN - 0167-4889

ER -