Elucidating the Impact of Chalcogen Content on the Photovoltaic Properties of Oxychalcogenide Perovkskites

NaMO3-xQx (M=Nb, Ta; Q=S, Se, Te)

Heesoo Park, Fahhad Alharbi, Stefano Sanvito, Nouar Tabet, Fadwa El-Mellouhi

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the quest for nontoxic and stable perovskites for solar cells, we have conducted a systematic study of the effect of chalcogen content in oxychalcogenide perovskite by using DFT and quasi-particle perturbation theory. We explored the changes in the electronic structure due to the substitution of O atoms in NaNbO3 and NaTaO3 perovskite structures with various chalcogens (S, Se, Te) at different concentrations. Interestingly, the introduction of the chalcogen atoms resulted in a drastic reduction in the electronic band gap, which made some of the compounds fall within the visible range of the solar spectrum. In addition, our analysis of the electronic structure shows that the optical transition becomes direct as a result of the strong hybridization between the orbitals of the transition metal and those of the chalcogen ion, in contrast to the indirect band feature of NaNbO3 and NaTaO3. We identified candidates with a high theoretical solar conversion efficiency that approached the Shockley-Queisser limit, which makes them suitable for thin-film solar cell applications. The present work serves as a guideline for experimental efforts by identifying the chalcogen content that should be targeted during the synthetic route of thermodynamically stable and strongly photoactive absorbers for oxychalcogenide perovskites in thin-film solar cells.

Original languageEnglish
JournalChemPhysChem
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 1 Jan 2018

Fingerprint

Chalcogens
solar cells
perovskites
electronic structure
solar spectra
Electronic structure
elementary excitations
thin films
optical transition
atoms
absorbers
perturbation theory
Atoms
transition metals
routes
Optical transitions
substitutes
orbitals
Discrete Fourier transforms
Conversion efficiency

Keywords

  • Chalcogens
  • Density functional calculations
  • Perovskite phases
  • Photochemistry
  • Solar cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "In the quest for nontoxic and stable perovskites for solar cells, we have conducted a systematic study of the effect of chalcogen content in oxychalcogenide perovskite by using DFT and quasi-particle perturbation theory. We explored the changes in the electronic structure due to the substitution of O atoms in NaNbO3 and NaTaO3 perovskite structures with various chalcogens (S, Se, Te) at different concentrations. Interestingly, the introduction of the chalcogen atoms resulted in a drastic reduction in the electronic band gap, which made some of the compounds fall within the visible range of the solar spectrum. In addition, our analysis of the electronic structure shows that the optical transition becomes direct as a result of the strong hybridization between the orbitals of the transition metal and those of the chalcogen ion, in contrast to the indirect band feature of NaNbO3 and NaTaO3. We identified candidates with a high theoretical solar conversion efficiency that approached the Shockley-Queisser limit, which makes them suitable for thin-film solar cell applications. The present work serves as a guideline for experimental efforts by identifying the chalcogen content that should be targeted during the synthetic route of thermodynamically stable and strongly photoactive absorbers for oxychalcogenide perovskites in thin-film solar cells.",
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T2 - NaMO3-xQx (M=Nb, Ta; Q=S, Se, Te)

AU - Park, Heesoo

AU - Alharbi, Fahhad

AU - Sanvito, Stefano

AU - Tabet, Nouar

AU - El-Mellouhi, Fadwa

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N2 - In the quest for nontoxic and stable perovskites for solar cells, we have conducted a systematic study of the effect of chalcogen content in oxychalcogenide perovskite by using DFT and quasi-particle perturbation theory. We explored the changes in the electronic structure due to the substitution of O atoms in NaNbO3 and NaTaO3 perovskite structures with various chalcogens (S, Se, Te) at different concentrations. Interestingly, the introduction of the chalcogen atoms resulted in a drastic reduction in the electronic band gap, which made some of the compounds fall within the visible range of the solar spectrum. In addition, our analysis of the electronic structure shows that the optical transition becomes direct as a result of the strong hybridization between the orbitals of the transition metal and those of the chalcogen ion, in contrast to the indirect band feature of NaNbO3 and NaTaO3. We identified candidates with a high theoretical solar conversion efficiency that approached the Shockley-Queisser limit, which makes them suitable for thin-film solar cell applications. The present work serves as a guideline for experimental efforts by identifying the chalcogen content that should be targeted during the synthetic route of thermodynamically stable and strongly photoactive absorbers for oxychalcogenide perovskites in thin-film solar cells.

AB - In the quest for nontoxic and stable perovskites for solar cells, we have conducted a systematic study of the effect of chalcogen content in oxychalcogenide perovskite by using DFT and quasi-particle perturbation theory. We explored the changes in the electronic structure due to the substitution of O atoms in NaNbO3 and NaTaO3 perovskite structures with various chalcogens (S, Se, Te) at different concentrations. Interestingly, the introduction of the chalcogen atoms resulted in a drastic reduction in the electronic band gap, which made some of the compounds fall within the visible range of the solar spectrum. In addition, our analysis of the electronic structure shows that the optical transition becomes direct as a result of the strong hybridization between the orbitals of the transition metal and those of the chalcogen ion, in contrast to the indirect band feature of NaNbO3 and NaTaO3. We identified candidates with a high theoretical solar conversion efficiency that approached the Shockley-Queisser limit, which makes them suitable for thin-film solar cell applications. The present work serves as a guideline for experimental efforts by identifying the chalcogen content that should be targeted during the synthetic route of thermodynamically stable and strongly photoactive absorbers for oxychalcogenide perovskites in thin-film solar cells.

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