Electronic transport calculations for CO2 adsorption on calcium-decorated graphene nanoribbons

F. Boltayev, G. B. Eshonqulov, Golibjon Berdiyorov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Calcium-atom functionalization is considered to be an effective tool of enhancing CO2 uptake capacity of carbon-based materials (Cazorla et al., 2011). Here we use density functional theory calculations combined with the nonequilibrium Green's function formalism to study electronic transport properties of Ca-decorated zig-zag and armchair graphene nanoribbons after CO2 adsorption. Sensitivity of the system to CO2 attachment is considerably increased due to the Ca-decoration: the electronic transmission near the Fermi level increases due to the formation of extended states. In addition, the variations of the electrostatic potential along the transport direction reduces due to CO2 adsorption. Enhanced electronic transport due to the CO2 adsorption is also obtained in current-voltage calculations. Since the conductivity change is one of the main properties of gas sensors, our results will be useful in developing graphene-based solid-state gas sensors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)134-139
Number of pages6
JournalComputational Materials Science
Volume145
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2018

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Keywords

  • Ca-doping
  • Electronic transport
  • Graphene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Computational Mathematics

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