Electrochemical reduction of CO2 to methanol over MWCNTs impregnated with Cu2O

M. Irfan Malik, Zuhair Omar Malaibari, Muataz Atieh, Basim Abussaud

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26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study evaluated the reduction of CO2 to methanol in the presence of effective and stable MWCNTs impregnated with Cu2O. A preliminary DFT study shows that the incorporation of Cu2O in MWCNTs improves the electronic properties of the electrocatalyst. The surface morphology and structural interaction between Cu2O and MWCNTs at different Cu2O loadings (10-50 wt%) were characterized by SEM, TEM, EDX, XRD, BET, TGA, and Raman spectroscopy. Characterization results show that the Cu2O particles are incorporated at defect sites in the MWCNT matrix. However, higher lodgings (40 and 50 wt%) result in the agglomeration of Cu2O particles and crystallite size growth. Electrochemical evaluation of the catalyst for CO2 reduction was conducted in a two-component polycarbonate electrochemical cell. Linear sweep voltammetry results show that the 30% Cu2O-MWCNTs catalyst gives the highest current density in the entire potential range, and a faradaic efficiency of 38% was achieved at -0.8 V for the reduction of CO2 to methanol. The study shows that the impregnation of Cu2O on MWCNTs affects the structural and electronic properties of the electrode, which in turn improves both the activity and stability of the catalyst as confirmed by chronoamperometry.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)468-477
Number of pages10
JournalChemical Engineering Science
Volume152
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Oct 2016

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Keywords

  • CO reduction
  • CuO electrocatalyst
  • Faradaic efficiency
  • Methanol
  • Multi wall carbon nanotubes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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