We have studied the electrochemical and thermal properties of Li43 Ti53 O4 spinel as a promising anode material for lithium ion batteries. The spinel/rock-salt two-phase transition process was interpreted using a core-shell model, which provided a good explanation of the different area-specific impedance behaviors during the charge and discharge processes. The constant dE/dT during the spinel/rock-salt phase transition was calculated from the heat-flow profile by isothermal microcalorimeter results and found to be around -0.04 mVK. This very low and constant entropy change indicates that Li43 Ti53 O4 is a good anode material in terms of thermal stability. Also, we propose that there is a new phase generation when more than one lithium atom is inserted into Li43 Ti53 O4. According to the discontinuity of dE/dT results, the order/disorder transition at the low-voltage region (around 0.6 V vs Li) occurs during further lithium insertion.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry