Electric double-layer capacitors based on highly graphitized nanoporous carbons derived from ZIF-67

Nagy L. Torad, Rahul R. Salunkhe, Yunqi Li, Hicham Hamoudi, Masataka Imura, Yoshio Sakka, Chi Chang Hu, Yusuke Yamauchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

245 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nanoporous carbons (NPCs) have large specific surface areas, good electrical and thermal conductivity, and both chemical and mechanical stability, which facilitate their use in energy storage device applications. In the present study, highly graphitized NPCs are synthesized by one-step direct carbonization of cobalt-containing zeolitic imidazolate framework-67 (ZIF-67). After chemical etching, the deposited Co content can be completely removed to prepare pure NPCs with high specific surface area, large pore volume, and intrinsic electrical conductivity (high content of sp2-bonded carbons). A detailed electrochemical study is performed using cyclic voltammetry and galvanostatic charge-discharge measurements. Our NPC is very promising for efficient electrodes for high-performance supercapacitor applications. A maximum specific capacitance of 238 F-g-1 is observed at a scan rate of 20 mV-s-1. This value is very high compared to previous works on carbon-based electric double layer capacitors. Highly graphitized nanoporous carbons (NPCs) are synthesized by one-step direct carbonization of cobalt-containing zeolitic imidazolate framework-67 (ZIF-67). After chemical etching, the deposited Co nanoparticles are completely removed to prepare pure NPCs with high specific surface area, large pore volume, and intrinsic electrical conductivity. The specific energy of the NPC-based supercapacitor reached 19.6 W-h-kg-1 at a specific power of 700 W-kg-1 (see figure).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7895-7900
Number of pages6
JournalChemistry - A European Journal
Volume20
Issue number26
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jun 2014
Externally publishedYes

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Carbon
Electric Conductivity
Specific surface area
Carbonization
Cobalt
Etching
Thermal Conductivity
Supercapacitor
Mechanical stability
Chemical stability
Nanoparticles
Energy storage
Cyclic voltammetry
Thermal conductivity
Electrodes
Capacitance
Equipment and Supplies

Keywords

  • electric double layer capacitors
  • graphitic structure
  • mesoporous materials
  • metal-organic frameworks
  • nanoporous carbon
  • porous materials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Electric double-layer capacitors based on highly graphitized nanoporous carbons derived from ZIF-67. / Torad, Nagy L.; Salunkhe, Rahul R.; Li, Yunqi; Hamoudi, Hicham; Imura, Masataka; Sakka, Yoshio; Hu, Chi Chang; Yamauchi, Yusuke.

In: Chemistry - A European Journal, Vol. 20, No. 26, 23.06.2014, p. 7895-7900.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Torad, Nagy L. ; Salunkhe, Rahul R. ; Li, Yunqi ; Hamoudi, Hicham ; Imura, Masataka ; Sakka, Yoshio ; Hu, Chi Chang ; Yamauchi, Yusuke. / Electric double-layer capacitors based on highly graphitized nanoporous carbons derived from ZIF-67. In: Chemistry - A European Journal. 2014 ; Vol. 20, No. 26. pp. 7895-7900.
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