Efficient nitrate removal using micro-electrolysis with zero valent iron/activated carbon nanocomposite

Guo Liu, Yaqi Zhou, Zhaoyang Liu, Junjie Zhang, Binbin Tang, Shaogui Yang, Cheng Sun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Increasing nitrate concentration in ground water resources due to increased municipal and industrial contaminations is posing a great threat to human health worldwide. Therefore, an efficient technique to remove nitrate from ground water is in high demand. RESULT: In this study, nanoscale zero valent iron (NZVI)/activated carbon (AC) nanocomposite material was successfully synthesized to form a highly efficient micro-galvanic cell to be used in the chemical reduction of nitrate. Analysis of NZVI-AC composites were conducted by BET, XRD, SEM, TEM and XPS, while utilizing sodium borohydride as a reducing agent in liquid phase reaction for the reduction of ferrous ions. Several factors during the preparation process were investigated for their effect on the performance of the material when used for the reduction of nitrate in aqueous media. Experiment results demonstrated that the material prepared under optimized preparation conditions can remove up to 94.3% of nitrates with composites at 2.1gL-1. The final degradation products are mainly N2 and NH4+. CONCLUSION: The composites were found to behave more efficiently for nitrate removal when compared with NZVI. In addition, the production of these new composite materials can be economically scaled up as with NZVI, which is necessary for practical environmental remediation.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2016

Fingerprint

Electrolysis
Nanocomposites
Nitrates
Activated carbon
activated carbon
electrokinesis
Carbon
Iron
nitrate
iron
Groundwater
Composite materials
Water Resources
Groundwater resources
Reducing Agents
Reducing agents
groundwater resource
X-ray spectroscopy
removal
transmission electron microscopy

Keywords

  • Environmental remediation
  • Ground water
  • Micro-electrolysis
  • Nanocomposite
  • Nitrate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

Cite this

Efficient nitrate removal using micro-electrolysis with zero valent iron/activated carbon nanocomposite. / Liu, Guo; Zhou, Yaqi; Liu, Zhaoyang; Zhang, Junjie; Tang, Binbin; Yang, Shaogui; Sun, Cheng.

In: Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, 2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Liu, Guo

AU - Zhou, Yaqi

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AU - Zhang, Junjie

AU - Tang, Binbin

AU - Yang, Shaogui

AU - Sun, Cheng

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AB - BACKGROUND: Increasing nitrate concentration in ground water resources due to increased municipal and industrial contaminations is posing a great threat to human health worldwide. Therefore, an efficient technique to remove nitrate from ground water is in high demand. RESULT: In this study, nanoscale zero valent iron (NZVI)/activated carbon (AC) nanocomposite material was successfully synthesized to form a highly efficient micro-galvanic cell to be used in the chemical reduction of nitrate. Analysis of NZVI-AC composites were conducted by BET, XRD, SEM, TEM and XPS, while utilizing sodium borohydride as a reducing agent in liquid phase reaction for the reduction of ferrous ions. Several factors during the preparation process were investigated for their effect on the performance of the material when used for the reduction of nitrate in aqueous media. Experiment results demonstrated that the material prepared under optimized preparation conditions can remove up to 94.3% of nitrates with composites at 2.1gL-1. The final degradation products are mainly N2 and NH4+. CONCLUSION: The composites were found to behave more efficiently for nitrate removal when compared with NZVI. In addition, the production of these new composite materials can be economically scaled up as with NZVI, which is necessary for practical environmental remediation.

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