γ-, δ-, and θ-phases of alumina were prepared by treating high purity boehmite at 873, 1173, and 1273K, respectively, in air for 6h. Alumina-supported nickel adsorbents were then prepared by ultrasonic-aided incipient wetness impregnation of Ni(NO3)2 over the three alumina phases with the same nickel loading per nm2support. The samples were characterized by ICP-AES, XRD, FTIR, N2 adsorption-desorption, NH3-TPD, H2-TPR, SEM, and HR-TEM. The specific performances of alumina supports and the adsorbents containing nickel were evaluated for reactive adsorption desulfurization (RADS) of dibenzothiophene (DBT) and 4,6-dimethyldibenzothiophene (4,6-DMDBT) at 473K and atmospheric pressure. It was found that physicochemical properties of the alumina supports affected the dispersion and reducibility of nickel and thus, the specific RADS performance of the adsorbents, which followed the order of Ni/θ-alumina~Ni/δ-alumina>Ni/γ-alumina. However, the nickel adsorbents exhibited nearly constant turnover frequencies (TOF) of about 112 and 89h-1 for RADS of DBT and 4,6-DMDBT, respectively. Furthermore, a coupled TPO-FTIR analysis of the spent adsorbent revealed that sulfur and coke were present on the surface of nickel adsorbent which were considered to be the major sources of the adsorbents deactivation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Process Chemistry and Technology
- Environmental Science(all)