Effective extraction of microalgae lipids from wet biomass for biodiesel production

Hanifa Taher, Sulaiman Al-Zuhair, Ali H. Al-Marzouqi, Yousef Haik, Mohammed Farid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

77 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Producing biodiesel from lipid extracted from microalgae is a promising approach for sustainable fuel production. However, this approach is not yet commercialized due to the high costs of upstream processes that are associated with the time consuming and/or energy intensive drying, and lipid extraction processes. In this study, the possibility of avoiding the drying process, and extracting the lipid directly from the wet concentrated cells, using enzymatic disruption to enhance the extraction, has been tested. Results showed that lysozyme and cellulase were both efficient in disrupting cell walls and enhancing lipid extraction from wet samples, with highest lipid extraction yield of 16.6% achieved using lysozyme. The applicability of using supercritical CO2 (SC-CO2) in extracting lipid from wet biomass was also tested and the highest yield of 12.5% was achieved using lysozyme. In addition, a two-step culturing process was applied, using Scenedesmus sp., to combine both high biomass growth and lipid content. The strain was able to increase its biomass productivity in the first stage, reaching 174mgl-1d-1, with almost constant lipid content. In the second stage, the lipid content was enhanced by six-fold after three weeks of nitrogen starvation, but with lower biomass productivity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)159-167
Number of pages9
JournalBiomass and Bioenergy
Volume66
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

biodiesel
Biodiesel
microalgae
Lipids
Biomass
lipid
biomass
lipids
lysozyme
lipid content
Enzymes
drying
fuel production
Scenedesmus
Drying
Productivity
endo-1,4-beta-glucanase
starvation
productivity
cell walls

Keywords

  • Biodiesel
  • Cell disruption
  • Enzymes
  • Nitrogen starvation
  • Separation
  • Wet microalgae

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Forestry
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Waste Management and Disposal

Cite this

Effective extraction of microalgae lipids from wet biomass for biodiesel production. / Taher, Hanifa; Al-Zuhair, Sulaiman; Al-Marzouqi, Ali H.; Haik, Yousef; Farid, Mohammed.

In: Biomass and Bioenergy, Vol. 66, 2014, p. 159-167.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Taher, Hanifa ; Al-Zuhair, Sulaiman ; Al-Marzouqi, Ali H. ; Haik, Yousef ; Farid, Mohammed. / Effective extraction of microalgae lipids from wet biomass for biodiesel production. In: Biomass and Bioenergy. 2014 ; Vol. 66. pp. 159-167.
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