Effect of tubes bundle electrode on removal of cadmium from simulated wastewaters by electrodeposition

Abbas Hamid Sulaymon, Adel Obaid Sharif, Thana Kamil Al-Shalchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The performance of a novel pilot scale, fixed bed flow-through cell, consisting of a cathode formed by a bundle of stainless steel tubes having two tube arrangements (920 tubes of 0.6 cm outer diameter and 360 tubes of 1.0 cm outer diameter) was investigated for the removal of cadmium in a batch re-circulation mode. The electrochemical reaction studied was the cathodic reduction of Cd+2 using 0.5 mol L-1 sodium sulphate as supporting electrolyte. The parameters analyzed were initial Cd+2 concentrations and electrolyte flow rates. RESULTS: Experimental results for the two different tube arrangements showed that the mass transfer coefficients were higher for the 0.6 cm diameter tubes than for the 1.0 cm diameter tubes. The former gave a fractional conversion of 80.4% with a current efficiency of 70.75% compared with a fractional conversion of 58.5% with a current efficiency of 45.7%, for the 1.0 cm diameter tubes, for a Cd+2 concentration of 200 ppm and flow rate of 250 L h-1. These results were correlated to: Sh = 0.411 Re0.871 0.6cm outer diameters tubes Sh = 0.295 Re 0.84 1.0cm outer diameters tub for 5 < Re < 28 and Sc = 649, where Sh is the Sherwood number, Re the Reynolds number and Sc the Schmidt number. CONCLUSION: Experimental results, analysis, correlations and figures of merit showed better performance of the cell for the removal of Cd+2 with 0.6 cm diameter tubes than with 1.0 cm diameter tubes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)651-657
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology
Volume86
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2011
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Cadmium
  • Electrochemical
  • Fixed bed flow-through cell
  • Tube bundle electrode

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Biotechnology
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology

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