Effect of surface condition on spallation behavior of oxide scale on SS 441 substrate used in SOFC

Wenning Liu, Xin Sun, Elizabeth Stephens, Moe Khaleel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

As operating temperature of SOFC decreases, ferritic stainless steel has attracted a great deal of attention for its use as an interconnect in SOFCs because of its gas-tightness, low electrical resistivity, ease of fabrication, and cost-effectiveness. However, oxidation reaction of the metallic interconnects in a typical SOFC working environment is unavoidable. The growth stresses in the oxide scale and on the scale/substrate interface combined with the thermal stresses induced by thermal expansion coefficient mismatch between the oxide scale and the substrate may lead to scale delamination/buckling and eventual spallation during stack cooling, which can lead to serious cell performance degradation. Therefore, the interfacial adhesion strength between the oxide scale and substrate is crucial to the reliability and durability of the metallic interconnect in SOFC operating environments. In this paper, we investigated the effect of the surface conditions on the interfacial strength of oxide scale and SS441 substrate experimentally. Contrary to the conventional sense, it was found that rough surface of SS441 substrate will decrease the interfacial adhesive strength of the oxide scale and SS441 substrate.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCeramic Transactions
Pages81-86
Number of pages6
Volume227
Publication statusPublished - 5 Aug 2011
Externally publishedYes
EventAdvances in Materials Science for Environmental and Nuclear Technology II - Materials Science and Technology 2010 Conference and Exhibition, MS and T'10 - Houston, TX, United States
Duration: 17 Oct 201021 Oct 2010

Publication series

NameCeramic Transactions
Volume227
ISSN (Print)10421122

Other

OtherAdvances in Materials Science for Environmental and Nuclear Technology II - Materials Science and Technology 2010 Conference and Exhibition, MS and T'10
CountryUnited States
CityHouston, TX
Period17/10/1021/10/10

Fingerprint

Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)
Oxides
Substrates
Bond strength (materials)
Stainless Steel
Ferritic steel
Cost effectiveness
Delamination
Thermal stress
Buckling
Thermal expansion
Adhesives
Durability
Stainless steel
Gases
Cooling
Fabrication
Degradation
Oxidation
Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Liu, W., Sun, X., Stephens, E., & Khaleel, M. (2011). Effect of surface condition on spallation behavior of oxide scale on SS 441 substrate used in SOFC. In Ceramic Transactions (Vol. 227, pp. 81-86). (Ceramic Transactions; Vol. 227).

Effect of surface condition on spallation behavior of oxide scale on SS 441 substrate used in SOFC. / Liu, Wenning; Sun, Xin; Stephens, Elizabeth; Khaleel, Moe.

Ceramic Transactions. Vol. 227 2011. p. 81-86 (Ceramic Transactions; Vol. 227).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Liu, W, Sun, X, Stephens, E & Khaleel, M 2011, Effect of surface condition on spallation behavior of oxide scale on SS 441 substrate used in SOFC. in Ceramic Transactions. vol. 227, Ceramic Transactions, vol. 227, pp. 81-86, Advances in Materials Science for Environmental and Nuclear Technology II - Materials Science and Technology 2010 Conference and Exhibition, MS and T'10, Houston, TX, United States, 17/10/10.
Liu W, Sun X, Stephens E, Khaleel M. Effect of surface condition on spallation behavior of oxide scale on SS 441 substrate used in SOFC. In Ceramic Transactions. Vol. 227. 2011. p. 81-86. (Ceramic Transactions).
Liu, Wenning ; Sun, Xin ; Stephens, Elizabeth ; Khaleel, Moe. / Effect of surface condition on spallation behavior of oxide scale on SS 441 substrate used in SOFC. Ceramic Transactions. Vol. 227 2011. pp. 81-86 (Ceramic Transactions).
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