Effect of Roux-en-Y bariatric surgery on lipoproteins, insulin resistance, and systemic and vascular inflammation in obesity and diabetes

Rahul Yadav, Salam Hama, Yifen Liu, Tarza Siahmansur, Jonathan Schofield, Akheel A. Syed, Michael France, Philip Pemberton, Safwaan Adam, Jan Hoong Ho, Reza Aghamohammadzadeh, Shaishav Dhage, Rachelle Donn, Rayaz Malik, John P. New, Maria Jeziorska, Paul Durrington, Basil A. Ammori, Handrean Soran

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Abstract

Purpose: Obesity is a major modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Bariatric surgery is considered to be the most effective treatment option for weight reduction in obese patients with and without type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Objective: To evaluate changes in lipoproteins, insulin resistance, mediators of systemic and vascular inflammation, and endothelial dysfunction following Roux-en-Y bariatric surgery in obese patients with and without diabetes. Materials and methods: Lipoproteins, insulin resistance, mediators of systemic and vascular inflammation, and endothelial dysfunction were measured in 37 obese patients with (n = 17) and without (n = 20) T2DM, before and 6 and 12 months after Roux-en-Y bariatric surgery. Two way between subject ANOVA was carried out to study the interaction between independent variables (time since surgery and presence of diabetes) and all dependent variables. Results: There was a significant effect of time since surgery on (large effect size) weight, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, triglycerides (TG), small-dense LDL apolipoprotein B (sdLDL ApoB), HOMA-IR, CRP, MCP-1, ICAM-1, E-selectin, P-selectin, leptin, and adiponectin. BMI and waist circumference had the largest impact of time since surgery. The effect of time since surgery was noticed mostly in the first 6 months. Absence of diabetes led to a significantly greater reduction in total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol although the effect size was small to medium. There was a greater reduction in TG and HOMA-IR in patients with diabetes with a small effect size. No patients were lost to follow up. Conclusion: Lipoproteins, insulin resistance, mediators of systemic and vascular inflammation, and endothelial dysfunction improve mostly 6 months after bariatric surgery in obese patients with and without diabetes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1512
JournalFrontiers in Immunology
Volume8
Issue numberNOV
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2017

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Keywords

  • Diabetes
  • Insulin resistance
  • Lipoproteins
  • Roux-en-Y
  • Vascular inflammation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

Cite this

Yadav, R., Hama, S., Liu, Y., Siahmansur, T., Schofield, J., Syed, A. A., France, M., Pemberton, P., Adam, S., Ho, J. H., Aghamohammadzadeh, R., Dhage, S., Donn, R., Malik, R., New, J. P., Jeziorska, M., Durrington, P., Ammori, B. A., & Soran, H. (2017). Effect of Roux-en-Y bariatric surgery on lipoproteins, insulin resistance, and systemic and vascular inflammation in obesity and diabetes. Frontiers in Immunology, 8(NOV), [1512]. https://doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2017.01512