Effect of organic spacers on electronic, optical and transport properties of two-dimensional layered lead-halide perovskites

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Abstract

Using density functional theory in combination with Green's function formalism we study the electronic, transport and optical properties of two-dimensional layered butylammonium (BA)-lead-halide ([CH3(CH2)3NH3]2PbX4 ((BA)2PbX4)) and phenylethylammonium (PEA)-lead-halide ([C6H5(CH2)2NH3]2PbX4 (PEA)2PbX4 (X = I and Br) perovskite materials, which have been used in recent experiments aiming to improve the properties of perovskite solar cells. We find that, regardless of the halide composition, PEA spacers lead to larger electronic transmission both along and across the lead-halide layers. In addition, the PEA molecules are found to contribute to the density of states near the band edges, which may also affect the charge carrier dynamics in the system. However, the systems containing PEA cations show smaller absorption in the visible range of the spectrum. These results show the importance of organic spacer cations in determining the optoelectronic and transport properties of 2D layered lead-halide perovskites and help establish some general rules about how different spacer molecules affect the properties of the material.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109130
JournalComputational Materials Science
Volume169
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2019

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Perovskite
Electronic Properties
Transport Properties
perovskites
Electronic properties
Transport properties
Optical Properties
spacers
halides
Optical properties
Lead
transport properties
Molecules
optical properties
Optoelectronics
Solar Cells
Density of States
electronics
Density Functional
Cations

Keywords

  • Lead-halide perovskites
  • Two-dimensional layered materials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Computational Mathematics

Cite this

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abstract = "Using density functional theory in combination with Green's function formalism we study the electronic, transport and optical properties of two-dimensional layered butylammonium (BA)-lead-halide ([CH3(CH2)3NH3]2PbX4 ((BA)2PbX4)) and phenylethylammonium (PEA)-lead-halide ([C6H5(CH2)2NH3]2PbX4 (PEA)2PbX4 (X = I and Br) perovskite materials, which have been used in recent experiments aiming to improve the properties of perovskite solar cells. We find that, regardless of the halide composition, PEA spacers lead to larger electronic transmission both along and across the lead-halide layers. In addition, the PEA molecules are found to contribute to the density of states near the band edges, which may also affect the charge carrier dynamics in the system. However, the systems containing PEA cations show smaller absorption in the visible range of the spectrum. These results show the importance of organic spacer cations in determining the optoelectronic and transport properties of 2D layered lead-halide perovskites and help establish some general rules about how different spacer molecules affect the properties of the material.",
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AU - Madjet, Mohamed

AU - Berdiyorov, Golibjon

AU - Ashhab, Sahel

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N2 - Using density functional theory in combination with Green's function formalism we study the electronic, transport and optical properties of two-dimensional layered butylammonium (BA)-lead-halide ([CH3(CH2)3NH3]2PbX4 ((BA)2PbX4)) and phenylethylammonium (PEA)-lead-halide ([C6H5(CH2)2NH3]2PbX4 (PEA)2PbX4 (X = I and Br) perovskite materials, which have been used in recent experiments aiming to improve the properties of perovskite solar cells. We find that, regardless of the halide composition, PEA spacers lead to larger electronic transmission both along and across the lead-halide layers. In addition, the PEA molecules are found to contribute to the density of states near the band edges, which may also affect the charge carrier dynamics in the system. However, the systems containing PEA cations show smaller absorption in the visible range of the spectrum. These results show the importance of organic spacer cations in determining the optoelectronic and transport properties of 2D layered lead-halide perovskites and help establish some general rules about how different spacer molecules affect the properties of the material.

AB - Using density functional theory in combination with Green's function formalism we study the electronic, transport and optical properties of two-dimensional layered butylammonium (BA)-lead-halide ([CH3(CH2)3NH3]2PbX4 ((BA)2PbX4)) and phenylethylammonium (PEA)-lead-halide ([C6H5(CH2)2NH3]2PbX4 (PEA)2PbX4 (X = I and Br) perovskite materials, which have been used in recent experiments aiming to improve the properties of perovskite solar cells. We find that, regardless of the halide composition, PEA spacers lead to larger electronic transmission both along and across the lead-halide layers. In addition, the PEA molecules are found to contribute to the density of states near the band edges, which may also affect the charge carrier dynamics in the system. However, the systems containing PEA cations show smaller absorption in the visible range of the spectrum. These results show the importance of organic spacer cations in determining the optoelectronic and transport properties of 2D layered lead-halide perovskites and help establish some general rules about how different spacer molecules affect the properties of the material.

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