Effect of nickel-phosphorus interactions on structural integrity of anode-supported solid oxide fuel cells

Wenning Liu, Xin Sun, Larry R. Pederson, Olga A. Marina, Moe A. Khaleel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An integrated experimental/modeling approach was utilized to assess the structural integrity of Ni-yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) porous anode supports during the solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) operation on coal gas containing trace amounts of phosphorus impurities. Phosphorus was chosen as a typical impurity exhibiting strong interactions with the nickel followed by second phase formation. Tests were performed using Ni-YSZ anode-supported button cells exposed to 0.5-10 ppm of phosphine in synthetic coal gas at 700-800 °C. The extent of Ni-P interactions was determined by a post-test scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis. Severe damage to the anode support due to nickel phosphide phase formation and extensive crystal coalescence was revealed, resulting in electric percolation loss. The subsequent finite element stress analyses were conducted using the actual anode support microstructures to assist in degradation mechanism explanation. Volume expansion induced by the Ni phase alteration was found to produce high stress levels such that local failure of the Ni-YSZ anode became possible under the operating conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7140-7145
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume195
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Structural integrity
solid oxide fuel cells
Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)
Nickel
integrity
Phosphorus
phosphorus
Anodes
anodes
nickel
Yttria stabilized zirconia
yttria-stabilized zirconia
Coal gas
phosphine
coal
interactions
Impurities
buttons
impurities
phosphides

Keywords

  • Coal gas impurity
  • Mechanical properties
  • Ni-YSZ anode degradation
  • Phosphorus-nickel interaction
  • SOFC structural integrity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Effect of nickel-phosphorus interactions on structural integrity of anode-supported solid oxide fuel cells. / Liu, Wenning; Sun, Xin; Pederson, Larry R.; Marina, Olga A.; Khaleel, Moe A.

In: Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 195, No. 21, 01.11.2010, p. 7140-7145.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Liu, Wenning ; Sun, Xin ; Pederson, Larry R. ; Marina, Olga A. ; Khaleel, Moe A. / Effect of nickel-phosphorus interactions on structural integrity of anode-supported solid oxide fuel cells. In: Journal of Power Sources. 2010 ; Vol. 195, No. 21. pp. 7140-7145.
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