Effect of lithium and sodium ion adsorption on the electronic transport properties of Ti3C2 MXene

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Abstract

MXenes are found to be promising electrode materials for energy storage applications. Recent theoretical and experimental studies indicate the possibility of using these novel low dimensional materials for metal-ion batteries. Herein, we use density-functional theory in combination with the nonequilibrium Green's function formalism to study the effect of lithium and sodium ion adsorption on the electronic transport properties of the MXene, Ti3C2. Oxygen, hydroxyl and fluorine terminated species are considered and the obtained results are compared with the ones for the pristine MXene. We found that the ion adsorption results in reduced electronic transport in the pristine MXene: Depending on the type of the ions and the bias voltage, the current in the system can be reduced by more than 30%. On the other hand, transport properties of the oxygen terminated sample can be improved by the ion adsorption: For both types of ions the current in the system can be increased by more than a factor of 4. However, the electronic transport is less affected by the ions in fluorinated and hydroxylated samples. These two samples show enhanced electronic transport as compared to the pristine MXene. The obtained results are explained in terms of electron localization in the system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)153-157
Number of pages5
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume359
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Dec 2015

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Keywords

  • DFT
  • Electronic transport
  • MXenes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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