Effect of A-site cation nonstoichiometry on the properties of doped lanthanum gallate

J. W. Stevenson, T. R. Armstrong, L. R. Pederson, J. Li, C. A. Lewinsohn, S. Baskaran

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Abstract

Lanthanum gallate doped with Sr and Mg (LSGM) was synthesized using a combustion synthesis technique. The synthesized powders were sintered to high density in air, although excessively high sintering temperatures led to bloating of samples, possibly due to the volatilization of Ga2O from the perovskite structure. The electrical conductivity of sintered LSGM tended to decrease with increasing A/B cation nonstoichiometry. Under oxidizing conditions, the conductivity was almost completely ionic, but in reducing atmospheres a substantial electronic component was observed. It is likely that this electronic conduction resulted from the introduction of electronic charge carriers via the partial reduction of Ga from the trivalent to the divalent state. The flexural strength of LSGM with an A/B cation ratio of 1.00 was measured to be ∼ 150 MPa at room temperature; the strength decreased to ∼ 100 MPa at higher temperatures (600-1000°C). The fracture toughness, as measured by notched beam analysis, was ∼ 2.0-2.2 MPa√m at room temperature, decreasing to ∼ 1.0 MPa√m at 1000°C.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)571-583
Number of pages13
JournalSolid State Ionics
Volume113-115
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 1998
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Electronic conductivity
  • Ionic conductivity
  • Lanthanum gallate
  • Mechanical properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrochemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Stevenson, J. W., Armstrong, T. R., Pederson, L. R., Li, J., Lewinsohn, C. A., & Baskaran, S. (1998). Effect of A-site cation nonstoichiometry on the properties of doped lanthanum gallate. Solid State Ionics, 113-115, 571-583.