Dynamical theory of single-photon transport in a one-dimensional waveguide coupled to identical and nonidentical emitters

Zeyang Liao, Hyunchul Nha, M. Suhail Zubairy

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17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We develop a general dynamical theory for studying a single-photon transport in a one-dimensional (1D) waveguide coupled to multiple emitters which can be either identical or nonidentical. In this theory, both the effects of the waveguide and non-waveguide vacuum modes are included. This theory enables us to investigate the propagation of an emitter excitation or an arbitrary single-photon pulse along an array of emitters coupled to a 1D waveguide. The dipole-dipole interaction induced by the non-waveguide modes, which is usually neglected in the literature, can significantly modify the dynamics of the emitter system as well as the characteristics of the output field if the emitter separation is much smaller than the resonance wavelength. Nonidentical emitters can also strongly couple to each other if their energy difference is less than or of the order of the dipole-dipole energy shift. Interestingly, if their energy difference is close but nonzero, a very narrow transparency window around the resonance frequency can appear which does not occur for identical emitters. This phenomenon may find important applications in quantum waveguide devices such as optical switches and ultranarrow single-photon frequency comb generator.

Original languageEnglish
Article number053842
JournalPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Volume94
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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emitters
waveguides
photons
dipoles
energy
generators
switches
vacuum
propagation
output
shift
pulses
wavelengths
excitation
interactions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Cite this

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