Background: Insulin resistance (IR) is the hallmark of PCOS and it is known that exercise may decrease it. What is unknown is whether exercise may mechanistically alter the underlying IR, attenuating the dynamic lipid induced IR in insulin resistant subjects. Methods: 12 women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and 10 age and body mass index matched controls completed an 8 week supervised exercise program at 60% maximal oxygen consumption. Before and after the exercise program, all participants underwent hyperinsulinaemic euglycaemic clamps with either saline or intralipid infusions. Skewed data were log transformed and expressed as mean ± SEM. Results: Before exercise, women with PCOS had a higher HOMA-IR and lower VO2 max than controls. Compared to saline, lipid infusion lowered the rate of insulin stimulated glucose disposal (M value; mg/kg/min) by 67 ± 5% (from 0.5 ± 0.03 to -0.25 ± 0.2, p = 0.01) in PCOS, and by 49 7% (from 0.65 0.06 to 0.3 0.1, p = 0.01) in controls. The M value was significantly less in PCOS compared to controls for both saline (p < 0.01) and lipid (p < 0.05). Endurance exercise in PCOS improved VO2 max and HOMA-IR, but not weight, to those of pre-exercise control subjects. The glucose disposal rate during the lipid infusion was reduced following exercise in PCOS, indicating decreased IR (67 5 vs. 50 7%, p = 0.02), but IR was not altered in controls (49 7 vs. 45 6%, p = 0.58). The incrementally increased IR induced by the lipid infusion did not differ between controls and PCOS. Conclusion: Insulin sensitivity improved with exercise in the PCOS group alone showing that IR can be modified, though likely transiently. However, the maximal IR response to the lipid infusion did not differ within and between control and PCOS subjects, indicating that the fundamental mechanism underlying insulin resistance was unchanged with exercise. Precis: Maximal insulin resistance induced by lipid infusion determined at baseline and 8 weeks after exercise in control and PCOS women did not differ, though insulin sensitivity increased in PCOS after exercise.
- Endurance exercise
- Insulin resistance
- Insulin sensitivity
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism