Dominant environmental parameters for dust deposition and resuspension in desert climates

Benjamin Figgis, Bing Guo, Wasim Javed, Said Ahzi, Yves Rémond

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9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Field studies of dry deposition usually measure dust accumulation over periods of days or weeks. However, long measurement periods obscure the effects of meteorological conditions on the deposition rate. Previously we developed an “outdoor soiling microscope” (OSM) in order to measure dust deposition and detachment every 10 min in the field. In this study a greased/ungreased pair of OSMs was deployed for 51 days in the desert climate of Doha, Qatar. Stepwise regression analysis was performed to quantify the explanatory power of meteorological parameters on dust deposition and detachment rates. It was found that wind speed dominated deposition and rebound of dust particles, and produced a distinctive “threshold” response in deposition. The dry deposition results were highly consistent with a model by Kim et al. (2000) derived from outdoor experiments. By comparison, relative humidity and particulate matter concentration had less influence on dust flux rates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)788-798
Number of pages11
JournalAerosol Science and Technology
Volume52
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jul 2018

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Keywords

  • Nicole Riemer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Pollution

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