Distributed space-frequency coding for cooperative diversity in broadband wireless ad hoc networks

Wei Zhang, Yabo Li, Ng Gen Xia, P. C. Ching, Khaled Letaief

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

58 Citations (Scopus)


A distributed space-frequency (SF) coded cooperative technique is proposed for broadband wireless ad-hoc networks, where both the channels from the source node to relay nodes and from the relay nodes to the destination node are characterized by frequency-selective fading. Using an SF coding at the source node and a circular shift at each relay node, we propose a scheme that can achieve both cooperative and multipath diversity. The pairwise error probability is analyzed and the result demonstrates that a diversity gain of min(M L 1, M L2) can be achieved, where M is the number of the relay nodes, and L1 and L2 are the number of taps of the multipath fading channels from the source node to the relay nodes and from the relay nodes to the destination node, respectively. Furthermore, the proposed distributed SF coding can achieve full-rate transmission for any number of relay nodes. In particular, it does not need IFFT/FFT processing or decoding at each relay node, thus providing a low-complexity design of the relay nodes in broadband wireless adhoc networks.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4472017
Pages (from-to)995-1002
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2008
Externally publishedYes



  • Cooperative diversity
  • Multipath channels
  • Relay channels
  • Space-frequency coding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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