Diabetic neuropathy: A focus on small fibres

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1 Citation (Scopus)


Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) is diagnosed too late, which contrasts with our approach for diabetic retinopathy and nephropathy, where incipient disease is detected early enabling timely treatment. The 10-g monofilament and a foot exam are the commonly used methods for screening diabetic neuropathy, but this primarily identifies moderate to severe diabetic neuropathy. Small fibres are damaged early and are associated with the development of painful diabetic neuropathy, foot ulceration, and Charcot foot. Tests of small fibre damage include thermal thresholds, microneurography, evoked potentials, sudomotor function, laser Doppler flare, skin biopsy, and corneal confocal microscopy. Measures of small fibre damage and repair may be key to the assessment of efficacy in clinical trials of disease modifying therapies for diabetic neuropathy.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere3255
JournalDiabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 1 Jan 2019



  • corneal confocal microscopy
  • diabetes
  • diagnosis
  • neuropathy
  • skin biopsy
  • small fibres
  • sudomotor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

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