Development and Validation of an Operational Forecasting System for Waves and Coastal Flooding and Drying in Cook Inlet, Alaska

Abhishek Sharma, Mindo Choi, Vijay Panchang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Exposed on three sides to the Gulf of Alaska, the Cook Inlet region is an extremely dynamic system which has among the largest waves in the world. In addition, Cook Inlet exhibits the largest tidal fluctuations in the United States, and as a result, the nearshore regions encounter significant flooding and drying which poses threats to a variety of activities in the coastal regions. A coupled wind-wave-current system is developed to obtain daily forecasts of waves and circulation patterns. The SWAN wave model and the quasi three-dimensional EFDC flow model are implemented, using high-resolution WRF winds. The performance of these models is first verified using hindcast simulations. The forecasting system also simulates the extent of "wet" and "dry" regions in the coastal areas. The nested grid approach is utilized with high-resolution grids for two separate regions, namely the Kachemak Bay (KB) and the Upper Cook Inlet (UCI) region. To validate the efficiency of the forecasting system to reliably predict the wave parameters, satellite data from currently flying missions such as JASON-2, and CRYOSAT-2 are utilized. Moreover, the data from the Terra (MODIS) satellite are used to obtain true color and land reflectance (band 1-2) images of the Cook Inlet region. These images are then used to corroborate the efficacy of the system for providing accurate estimates of the extent of "wet" and "dry" regions. Good agreement between data and model results demonstrate the efficiency of this coupled system for operational forecasting.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCoastal Structures and Solutions to Coastal Disasters 2015
Subtitle of host publicationResilient Coastal Communities - Proceedings of the Coastal Structures and Solutions to Coastal Disasters Joint Conference 2015
PublisherAmerican Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
Pages238-246
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9780784480304
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015
EventCoastal Structures and Solutions to Coastal Disasters Joint Conference 2015 - Boston, United States
Duration: 9 Sep 201511 Sep 2015

Other

OtherCoastal Structures and Solutions to Coastal Disasters Joint Conference 2015
CountryUnited States
CityBoston
Period9/9/1511/9/15

Fingerprint

Drying
flooding
arid region
Satellites
three-dimensional flow
wind wave
Dynamical systems
MODIS
drying
satellite data
reflectance
Color
simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science
  • Economic Geology
  • Computers in Earth Sciences

Cite this

Sharma, A., Choi, M., & Panchang, V. (2015). Development and Validation of an Operational Forecasting System for Waves and Coastal Flooding and Drying in Cook Inlet, Alaska. In Coastal Structures and Solutions to Coastal Disasters 2015: Resilient Coastal Communities - Proceedings of the Coastal Structures and Solutions to Coastal Disasters Joint Conference 2015 (pp. 238-246). American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784480304.025

Development and Validation of an Operational Forecasting System for Waves and Coastal Flooding and Drying in Cook Inlet, Alaska. / Sharma, Abhishek; Choi, Mindo; Panchang, Vijay.

Coastal Structures and Solutions to Coastal Disasters 2015: Resilient Coastal Communities - Proceedings of the Coastal Structures and Solutions to Coastal Disasters Joint Conference 2015. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2015. p. 238-246.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Sharma, A, Choi, M & Panchang, V 2015, Development and Validation of an Operational Forecasting System for Waves and Coastal Flooding and Drying in Cook Inlet, Alaska. in Coastal Structures and Solutions to Coastal Disasters 2015: Resilient Coastal Communities - Proceedings of the Coastal Structures and Solutions to Coastal Disasters Joint Conference 2015. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), pp. 238-246, Coastal Structures and Solutions to Coastal Disasters Joint Conference 2015, Boston, United States, 9/9/15. https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784480304.025
Sharma A, Choi M, Panchang V. Development and Validation of an Operational Forecasting System for Waves and Coastal Flooding and Drying in Cook Inlet, Alaska. In Coastal Structures and Solutions to Coastal Disasters 2015: Resilient Coastal Communities - Proceedings of the Coastal Structures and Solutions to Coastal Disasters Joint Conference 2015. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). 2015. p. 238-246 https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784480304.025
Sharma, Abhishek ; Choi, Mindo ; Panchang, Vijay. / Development and Validation of an Operational Forecasting System for Waves and Coastal Flooding and Drying in Cook Inlet, Alaska. Coastal Structures and Solutions to Coastal Disasters 2015: Resilient Coastal Communities - Proceedings of the Coastal Structures and Solutions to Coastal Disasters Joint Conference 2015. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2015. pp. 238-246
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