Design and cellular kinetics of dansyl-labeled CADA derivatives with anti-HIV and CD4 receptor down-modulating activity

Kurt Vermeire, Andrea Lisco, Jean Charles Grivel, Emily Scarbrough, Kaka Dey, Noah Duffy, Leonid Margolis, Thomas W. Bell, Dominique Schols

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8 Citations (Scopus)


A new class of anti-retrovirals, cyclotriazadisulfonamide (CADA) and its derivatives, specifically down-regulate CD4, the main receptor of HIV, and prevent HIV infection in vitro. In this work, several CADA derivatives, chemically labeled with a fluorescent dansyl group, were evaluated for their biological features and cellular uptake kinetics. We identified a derivative KKD-016 with antiviral and CD4 down-modulating capabilities similar to those of the parental compound CADA. By using flow cytometry, we demonstrated that the dose-dependent cellular uptake of this derivative correlated with CD4 down-modulation. The uptake and activity of the dansyl-labeled compounds were not dependent on the level of expression of CD4 at the cell surface. Removal of the CADA compounds from the cell culture medium resulted in their release from the cells followed by a complete restoration of CD4 expression. The inability of several fluorescent CADA derivatives to down-modulate CD4 was not associated with their lower cellular uptake and was not reversed by facilitating their cell penetration by a surfactant. These results prove the successful integration of the dansyl fluorophore into the chemical structure of a CD4 down-modulating anti-HIV compound, and show the feasibility of tracking a receptor and its down-modulator simultaneously. These fluorescent CADA analogs with reversible CD4 down-regulating potency can now be applied in further studies on receptor modulation, and in the exploration of their potentials as preventive and therapeutic anti-HIV drugs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)566-578
Number of pages13
JournalBiochemical Pharmacology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2007



  • Anti-HIV
  • CADA
  • CD4 receptor
  • Cellular kinetics
  • Dansyl
  • Reversible Down-modulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Pharmacology

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