Density of States Broadening in CH3NH3PbI3 Hybrid Perovskites Understood from ab Initio Molecular Dynamics Simulations

Liujiang Zhou, Amanda J. Neukirch, Dayton J. Vogel, Dmitri S. Kilin, Laurent Pedesseau, Marcelo Carignano, Aditya D. Mohite, Jacky Even, Claudine Katan, Sergei Tretiak

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Abstract

Lead-halide perovskites are promising materials in optoelectronic devices for their unique properties including direct band gap, strong light absorption, high carrier mobility, and low fabrication cost. Here, by using ab inito molecular dynamics and electronic structure calculations, we report a systematic study on the broadening density of states (DOS) deep in the valence bands that has been experimentally observed but absent in static calculations. We quantify the broadening DOS reduction from the cubic phase to lower-temperature tetragonal and orthorhombic phases and attribute observed effects to the molecular vibrations and the anharmonicity of iodine atoms motion. Specifically, the MA cations' vibrations are strongly linked to the moderate C-N stretch and CH3 bend, as well as the strong CH3 and NH3 + stretches. These results present a theoretical perspective on the structural dynamics in lead-halide perovskites which may be valuable for future studies toward desired functionalities in perovskite-based optoelectronic devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)787-793
Number of pages7
JournalACS Energy Letters
Volume3
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Apr 2018

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Zhou, L., Neukirch, A. J., Vogel, D. J., Kilin, D. S., Pedesseau, L., Carignano, M., Mohite, A. D., Even, J., Katan, C., & Tretiak, S. (2018). Density of States Broadening in CH3NH3PbI3 Hybrid Perovskites Understood from ab Initio Molecular Dynamics Simulations. ACS Energy Letters, 3(4), 787-793. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsenergylett.8b00166