Degradation of 1,2-dichloroethane with advanced reduction processes (ARPs)

Effects of process variables and mechanisms

Xu Liu, Bhanu Prakash Vellanki, Bill Batchelor, Ahmed Abdel-Wahab

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

1,2-Dichlroroethane (1,2-DCA) is a widely used chemical with potential to harm the environment and human health. In this study, successful degradation of 1,2-DCA was achieved with various advanced reduction processes (ARPs) that combine ultraviolet (UV) irradiation with various reagents (dithionite, sulfite, sulfide, ferrous iron). The degradation kinetics in the sulfite/UV ARP was found to follow a pseudo-first-order decay model and the effects on kinetics of several factors were studied. More than 90% of initial 1,2-DCA was removed within 20. min in alkaline conditions (pH 8.2, 9.0 and 11.0) while it took 130. min to reach same removal at pH 7.0. Increasing the sulfite dose and UV light intensity caused the rate constant to increase linearly, but higher initial 1,2-DCA concentrations resulted in lower rate constants. Scavenging experiments with nitrate and nitrous oxide demonstrated the aqueous electron is the major species causing 1,2-DCA degradation in the sulfite/UV ARP, while the sulfite radical appears to be more important in degradation of vinyl chloride. The dechlorination of 1,2-DCA to chloride ion was enhanced by raising the solution pH with more than 90% dechlorination obtained at pH 11. This work supports application of ARPs to degradation of other chlorinated organics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)300-307
Number of pages8
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume237
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Sulfites
sulfite
Degradation
degradation
Dechlorination
dechlorination
Rate constants
chloride
Dithionite
Vinyl Chloride
kinetics
Kinetics
Scavenging
Nitrous Oxide
nitrous oxide
light intensity
Nitrates
Chlorides
irradiation
Iron

Keywords

  • 1,2-Dichloroethane
  • Advanced reduction
  • Aqueous electron
  • Dechlorination
  • Sulfite radical

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

Degradation of 1,2-dichloroethane with advanced reduction processes (ARPs) : Effects of process variables and mechanisms. / Liu, Xu; Vellanki, Bhanu Prakash; Batchelor, Bill; Abdel-Wahab, Ahmed.

In: Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 237, 01.02.2014, p. 300-307.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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