Defect-mediated ferromagnetism in insulating Co-doped anatase TiO2 thin films

K. Griffin Roberts, M. Varela, Sergey Rashkeev, S. T. Pantelides, S. J. Pennycook, Kannan M. Krishnan

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60 Citations (Scopus)


The nature of the defect responsible for room-temperature ferromagnetism in Co-doped anatase TiO2 has remained elusive. Here we report atomic-resolution Z -contrast images of epitaxially grown Co0.03: TiO2 films showing that Co atoms are dispersed and occupy preferred interstitial sites. Density-functional calculations found that these sites are the lowest-energy configuration of Co in anatase and that O vacancies (VO), introduced by annealing, anchor the Co atoms into Co- Ti+3 -VO complexes. The calculated magnetic moment is in agreement with our measured value and the calculated Co x-ray absorption spectrum is in agreement with data published in the literature.

Original languageEnglish
Article number014409
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jul 2008
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics

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