Dairy consumption and the incidence of hyperglycemia and the metabolic syndrome

Results from a French prospective study, data from the epidemiological study on the insulin resistance syndrome (DESIR)

Frédéric Fumeron, Amel Lamri, Charbel Abi Khalil, Riphed Jaziri, Isabelle Porchay-BALDÉRELLI, Olivier Lantieri, Sylviane Vol, Beverley Balkau, Michel Marre, P. Ducimetière, E. Eschwège, F. Alhenc-Gelas, Y. Gallois, A. Girault, F. Bonnet, P. Froguel, J. Cogneau, C. Born, E. Caces, M. Cailleau & 3 others J. G. Moreau, F. Rakotozafy, J. Tichet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

116 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE - In the French Data from the Epidemiological Study on the Insulin Resistance Syndrome (DESIR) cohort, cross-sectional analyses have shown that a higher consumption of dairy products and calcium are associated with a lower prevalence of the metabolic syndrome (MetS). We assess the influence of dairy products on 9-year incident MetS and on impaired fasting glycemia and/or type 2 diabetes (IFG/T2D). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - Men and women who completed a food frequency questionnaire at baseline and after 3 years were studied (n = 3,435). Logistic regression models were used to study associations between the average year 0 and year 3 consumption of milk and dairy products, cheese, dietary calcium density, and incident MetS and IFG/T2D after adjusting for 1) sex, age, alcohol, smoking, physical activity, fat intake and 2) additionally for BMI. Associations between dairy products and continuous variables were studied by repeated-measures ANCOVA, using the same covariates. RESULTS - Dairy products other than cheese, and dietary calcium density, were inversely associated with incident MetS and IFG/T2D; cheese was negatively associated with incident MetS. All three parameters were associated with lower diastolic blood pressure, and with a lower BMI gain. Higher cheese intake and calcium density were associated with a lower increase inwaist circumference and lower triglyceride levels. Calcium density was also associated with a lower systolic blood pressure and a lower 9-year increase in plasma triglyceride levels. CONCLUSIONS - A higher consumption of dairy products and calcium was associated with a lower 9-year incidence of MetS and IFG/T2D in a large cohort drawn from the general population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)813-817
Number of pages5
JournalDiabetes Care
Volume34
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2011
Externally publishedYes

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Dairy Products
Hyperglycemia
Insulin Resistance
Epidemiologic Studies
Prospective Studies
Cheese
Incidence
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Fasting
Blood Pressure
Calcium
Dietary Calcium
Triglycerides
Logistic Models
Milk
Research Design
Cross-Sectional Studies
Smoking
Fats
Alcohols

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Advanced and Specialised Nursing

Cite this

Dairy consumption and the incidence of hyperglycemia and the metabolic syndrome : Results from a French prospective study, data from the epidemiological study on the insulin resistance syndrome (DESIR). / Fumeron, Frédéric; Lamri, Amel; Abi Khalil, Charbel; Jaziri, Riphed; Porchay-BALDÉRELLI, Isabelle; Lantieri, Olivier; Vol, Sylviane; Balkau, Beverley; Marre, Michel; Ducimetière, P.; Eschwège, E.; Alhenc-Gelas, F.; Gallois, Y.; Girault, A.; Bonnet, F.; Froguel, P.; Cogneau, J.; Born, C.; Caces, E.; Cailleau, M.; Moreau, J. G.; Rakotozafy, F.; Tichet, J.

In: Diabetes Care, Vol. 34, No. 4, 04.2011, p. 813-817.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fumeron, F, Lamri, A, Abi Khalil, C, Jaziri, R, Porchay-BALDÉRELLI, I, Lantieri, O, Vol, S, Balkau, B, Marre, M, Ducimetière, P, Eschwège, E, Alhenc-Gelas, F, Gallois, Y, Girault, A, Bonnet, F, Froguel, P, Cogneau, J, Born, C, Caces, E, Cailleau, M, Moreau, JG, Rakotozafy, F & Tichet, J 2011, 'Dairy consumption and the incidence of hyperglycemia and the metabolic syndrome: Results from a French prospective study, data from the epidemiological study on the insulin resistance syndrome (DESIR)', Diabetes Care, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 813-817. https://doi.org/10.2337/dc10-1772
Fumeron, Frédéric ; Lamri, Amel ; Abi Khalil, Charbel ; Jaziri, Riphed ; Porchay-BALDÉRELLI, Isabelle ; Lantieri, Olivier ; Vol, Sylviane ; Balkau, Beverley ; Marre, Michel ; Ducimetière, P. ; Eschwège, E. ; Alhenc-Gelas, F. ; Gallois, Y. ; Girault, A. ; Bonnet, F. ; Froguel, P. ; Cogneau, J. ; Born, C. ; Caces, E. ; Cailleau, M. ; Moreau, J. G. ; Rakotozafy, F. ; Tichet, J. / Dairy consumption and the incidence of hyperglycemia and the metabolic syndrome : Results from a French prospective study, data from the epidemiological study on the insulin resistance syndrome (DESIR). In: Diabetes Care. 2011 ; Vol. 34, No. 4. pp. 813-817.
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T1 - Dairy consumption and the incidence of hyperglycemia and the metabolic syndrome

T2 - Results from a French prospective study, data from the epidemiological study on the insulin resistance syndrome (DESIR)

AU - Fumeron, Frédéric

AU - Lamri, Amel

AU - Abi Khalil, Charbel

AU - Jaziri, Riphed

AU - Porchay-BALDÉRELLI, Isabelle

AU - Lantieri, Olivier

AU - Vol, Sylviane

AU - Balkau, Beverley

AU - Marre, Michel

AU - Ducimetière, P.

AU - Eschwège, E.

AU - Alhenc-Gelas, F.

AU - Gallois, Y.

AU - Girault, A.

AU - Bonnet, F.

AU - Froguel, P.

AU - Cogneau, J.

AU - Born, C.

AU - Caces, E.

AU - Cailleau, M.

AU - Moreau, J. G.

AU - Rakotozafy, F.

AU - Tichet, J.

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N2 - OBJECTIVE - In the French Data from the Epidemiological Study on the Insulin Resistance Syndrome (DESIR) cohort, cross-sectional analyses have shown that a higher consumption of dairy products and calcium are associated with a lower prevalence of the metabolic syndrome (MetS). We assess the influence of dairy products on 9-year incident MetS and on impaired fasting glycemia and/or type 2 diabetes (IFG/T2D). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - Men and women who completed a food frequency questionnaire at baseline and after 3 years were studied (n = 3,435). Logistic regression models were used to study associations between the average year 0 and year 3 consumption of milk and dairy products, cheese, dietary calcium density, and incident MetS and IFG/T2D after adjusting for 1) sex, age, alcohol, smoking, physical activity, fat intake and 2) additionally for BMI. Associations between dairy products and continuous variables were studied by repeated-measures ANCOVA, using the same covariates. RESULTS - Dairy products other than cheese, and dietary calcium density, were inversely associated with incident MetS and IFG/T2D; cheese was negatively associated with incident MetS. All three parameters were associated with lower diastolic blood pressure, and with a lower BMI gain. Higher cheese intake and calcium density were associated with a lower increase inwaist circumference and lower triglyceride levels. Calcium density was also associated with a lower systolic blood pressure and a lower 9-year increase in plasma triglyceride levels. CONCLUSIONS - A higher consumption of dairy products and calcium was associated with a lower 9-year incidence of MetS and IFG/T2D in a large cohort drawn from the general population.

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