Dairy consumption and the incidence of hyperglycemia and the metabolic syndrome: Results from a French prospective study, data from the epidemiological study on the insulin resistance syndrome (DESIR)

Frédéric Fumeron, Amel Lamri, Charbel Abi Khalil, Riphed Jaziri, Isabelle Porchay-BALDÉRELLI, Olivier Lantieri, Sylviane Vol, Beverley Balkau, Michel Marre, P. Ducimetière, E. Eschwège, F. Alhenc-Gelas, Y. Gallois, A. Girault, F. Bonnet, P. Froguel, J. Cogneau, C. Born, E. Caces, M. CailleauJ. G. Moreau, F. Rakotozafy, J. Tichet

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE - In the French Data from the Epidemiological Study on the Insulin Resistance Syndrome (DESIR) cohort, cross-sectional analyses have shown that a higher consumption of dairy products and calcium are associated with a lower prevalence of the metabolic syndrome (MetS). We assess the influence of dairy products on 9-year incident MetS and on impaired fasting glycemia and/or type 2 diabetes (IFG/T2D). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - Men and women who completed a food frequency questionnaire at baseline and after 3 years were studied (n = 3,435). Logistic regression models were used to study associations between the average year 0 and year 3 consumption of milk and dairy products, cheese, dietary calcium density, and incident MetS and IFG/T2D after adjusting for 1) sex, age, alcohol, smoking, physical activity, fat intake and 2) additionally for BMI. Associations between dairy products and continuous variables were studied by repeated-measures ANCOVA, using the same covariates. RESULTS - Dairy products other than cheese, and dietary calcium density, were inversely associated with incident MetS and IFG/T2D; cheese was negatively associated with incident MetS. All three parameters were associated with lower diastolic blood pressure, and with a lower BMI gain. Higher cheese intake and calcium density were associated with a lower increase inwaist circumference and lower triglyceride levels. Calcium density was also associated with a lower systolic blood pressure and a lower 9-year increase in plasma triglyceride levels. CONCLUSIONS - A higher consumption of dairy products and calcium was associated with a lower 9-year incidence of MetS and IFG/T2D in a large cohort drawn from the general population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)813-817
Number of pages5
JournalDiabetes Care
Volume34
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2011
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Advanced and Specialised Nursing

Cite this

Fumeron, F., Lamri, A., Abi Khalil, C., Jaziri, R., Porchay-BALDÉRELLI, I., Lantieri, O., Vol, S., Balkau, B., Marre, M., Ducimetière, P., Eschwège, E., Alhenc-Gelas, F., Gallois, Y., Girault, A., Bonnet, F., Froguel, P., Cogneau, J., Born, C., Caces, E., ... Tichet, J. (2011). Dairy consumption and the incidence of hyperglycemia and the metabolic syndrome: Results from a French prospective study, data from the epidemiological study on the insulin resistance syndrome (DESIR). Diabetes Care, 34(4), 813-817. https://doi.org/10.2337/dc10-1772