Critical wetting concentrations of trisiloxane surfactants

Natalia Ivanova, Victor Starov, Ramon Rubio, Hernán Ritacco, Nidal Hilal, Daniel Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Trisiloxane surfactants also known as "superspreaders" are characterized by a critical wetting concentration (CWC) which has been determined by Svitova et al [T. Svitova, R.M. Hill, Y. Smirnova, A. Stuermer, G. Yakubov, Langmuir 14 (1998) 5023-5031]. CWC is a concentration above which a transition from partial wetting to complete wetting occurs at spreading over moderately hydrophobic surfaces, hence, the CWC is associated with the beginning of the superspreading. The latter shows that the knowledge of the CWCs is important for many wetting/spreading applications. We suggest a new method, which allows determining CWCs for a range of trisiloxanes using wetting behaviour of aqueous trisiloxane solutions on highly hydrophobic smooth Teflon AF coated silicon wafers. Using the new method the CWCs for trisiloxane surfactants, Tn with a wide range in the number (n = 4-9) of ethylene oxide units have been measured. The critical aggregation concentration (CAC) for trisiloxane surfactants has been measured using the surface tension methods. Additionally, spreading kinetics of all trisiloxane surfactants studied over moderately hydrophobic substrates has been investigated. It has been found that for all trisiloxanes studied the CWCs are several times higher than their corresponding CAC values. The CWCs for T6 and T8 trisiloxanes obtained according to our approach are in agreement with those measured by Svitova et al. [T. Svitova, R.M. Hill, Y. Smirnova, A. Stuermer, G. Yakubov, Langmuir 14 (1998) 5023-5031] for the case of complete wetting. It has been verified that indeed at CWCs estimated according to our approach trisiloxane surfactant solutions demonstrate superspreading behaviour on moderately hydrophobic surfaces with the exception of trisiloxane T4, which still shows only partial wetting. Thus, the CWC does not depend on the degree of hydrophobicity of substrates and could be considered as a distinct property of surfactants that characterize the highest limit of their spreading capability. Crown

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143-148
Number of pages6
JournalColloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects
Volume354
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Feb 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Surface-Active Agents
Wetting
Surface active agents
Agglomeration
Ethylene Oxide
Polytetrafluoroethylene
Substrates
Hydrophobicity
Silicon wafers
Polytetrafluoroethylenes
Surface tension
Ethylene
Kinetics
Oxides

Keywords

  • Critical wetting concentration
  • Spreading
  • Trisiloxane

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

Cite this

Critical wetting concentrations of trisiloxane surfactants. / Ivanova, Natalia; Starov, Victor; Rubio, Ramon; Ritacco, Hernán; Hilal, Nidal; Johnson, Daniel.

In: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, Vol. 354, No. 1-3, 05.02.2010, p. 143-148.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ivanova, Natalia ; Starov, Victor ; Rubio, Ramon ; Ritacco, Hernán ; Hilal, Nidal ; Johnson, Daniel. / Critical wetting concentrations of trisiloxane surfactants. In: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects. 2010 ; Vol. 354, No. 1-3. pp. 143-148.
@article{89479b178dcb42359e8fbe5c91109509,
title = "Critical wetting concentrations of trisiloxane surfactants",
abstract = "Trisiloxane surfactants also known as {"}superspreaders{"} are characterized by a critical wetting concentration (CWC) which has been determined by Svitova et al [T. Svitova, R.M. Hill, Y. Smirnova, A. Stuermer, G. Yakubov, Langmuir 14 (1998) 5023-5031]. CWC is a concentration above which a transition from partial wetting to complete wetting occurs at spreading over moderately hydrophobic surfaces, hence, the CWC is associated with the beginning of the superspreading. The latter shows that the knowledge of the CWCs is important for many wetting/spreading applications. We suggest a new method, which allows determining CWCs for a range of trisiloxanes using wetting behaviour of aqueous trisiloxane solutions on highly hydrophobic smooth Teflon AF coated silicon wafers. Using the new method the CWCs for trisiloxane surfactants, Tn with a wide range in the number (n = 4-9) of ethylene oxide units have been measured. The critical aggregation concentration (CAC) for trisiloxane surfactants has been measured using the surface tension methods. Additionally, spreading kinetics of all trisiloxane surfactants studied over moderately hydrophobic substrates has been investigated. It has been found that for all trisiloxanes studied the CWCs are several times higher than their corresponding CAC values. The CWCs for T6 and T8 trisiloxanes obtained according to our approach are in agreement with those measured by Svitova et al. [T. Svitova, R.M. Hill, Y. Smirnova, A. Stuermer, G. Yakubov, Langmuir 14 (1998) 5023-5031] for the case of complete wetting. It has been verified that indeed at CWCs estimated according to our approach trisiloxane surfactant solutions demonstrate superspreading behaviour on moderately hydrophobic surfaces with the exception of trisiloxane T4, which still shows only partial wetting. Thus, the CWC does not depend on the degree of hydrophobicity of substrates and could be considered as a distinct property of surfactants that characterize the highest limit of their spreading capability. Crown",
keywords = "Critical wetting concentration, Spreading, Trisiloxane",
author = "Natalia Ivanova and Victor Starov and Ramon Rubio and Hern{\'a}n Ritacco and Nidal Hilal and Daniel Johnson",
year = "2010",
month = "2",
day = "5",
doi = "10.1016/j.colsurfa.2009.07.030",
language = "English",
volume = "354",
pages = "143--148",
journal = "Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects",
issn = "0927-7757",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1-3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Critical wetting concentrations of trisiloxane surfactants

AU - Ivanova, Natalia

AU - Starov, Victor

AU - Rubio, Ramon

AU - Ritacco, Hernán

AU - Hilal, Nidal

AU - Johnson, Daniel

PY - 2010/2/5

Y1 - 2010/2/5

N2 - Trisiloxane surfactants also known as "superspreaders" are characterized by a critical wetting concentration (CWC) which has been determined by Svitova et al [T. Svitova, R.M. Hill, Y. Smirnova, A. Stuermer, G. Yakubov, Langmuir 14 (1998) 5023-5031]. CWC is a concentration above which a transition from partial wetting to complete wetting occurs at spreading over moderately hydrophobic surfaces, hence, the CWC is associated with the beginning of the superspreading. The latter shows that the knowledge of the CWCs is important for many wetting/spreading applications. We suggest a new method, which allows determining CWCs for a range of trisiloxanes using wetting behaviour of aqueous trisiloxane solutions on highly hydrophobic smooth Teflon AF coated silicon wafers. Using the new method the CWCs for trisiloxane surfactants, Tn with a wide range in the number (n = 4-9) of ethylene oxide units have been measured. The critical aggregation concentration (CAC) for trisiloxane surfactants has been measured using the surface tension methods. Additionally, spreading kinetics of all trisiloxane surfactants studied over moderately hydrophobic substrates has been investigated. It has been found that for all trisiloxanes studied the CWCs are several times higher than their corresponding CAC values. The CWCs for T6 and T8 trisiloxanes obtained according to our approach are in agreement with those measured by Svitova et al. [T. Svitova, R.M. Hill, Y. Smirnova, A. Stuermer, G. Yakubov, Langmuir 14 (1998) 5023-5031] for the case of complete wetting. It has been verified that indeed at CWCs estimated according to our approach trisiloxane surfactant solutions demonstrate superspreading behaviour on moderately hydrophobic surfaces with the exception of trisiloxane T4, which still shows only partial wetting. Thus, the CWC does not depend on the degree of hydrophobicity of substrates and could be considered as a distinct property of surfactants that characterize the highest limit of their spreading capability. Crown

AB - Trisiloxane surfactants also known as "superspreaders" are characterized by a critical wetting concentration (CWC) which has been determined by Svitova et al [T. Svitova, R.M. Hill, Y. Smirnova, A. Stuermer, G. Yakubov, Langmuir 14 (1998) 5023-5031]. CWC is a concentration above which a transition from partial wetting to complete wetting occurs at spreading over moderately hydrophobic surfaces, hence, the CWC is associated with the beginning of the superspreading. The latter shows that the knowledge of the CWCs is important for many wetting/spreading applications. We suggest a new method, which allows determining CWCs for a range of trisiloxanes using wetting behaviour of aqueous trisiloxane solutions on highly hydrophobic smooth Teflon AF coated silicon wafers. Using the new method the CWCs for trisiloxane surfactants, Tn with a wide range in the number (n = 4-9) of ethylene oxide units have been measured. The critical aggregation concentration (CAC) for trisiloxane surfactants has been measured using the surface tension methods. Additionally, spreading kinetics of all trisiloxane surfactants studied over moderately hydrophobic substrates has been investigated. It has been found that for all trisiloxanes studied the CWCs are several times higher than their corresponding CAC values. The CWCs for T6 and T8 trisiloxanes obtained according to our approach are in agreement with those measured by Svitova et al. [T. Svitova, R.M. Hill, Y. Smirnova, A. Stuermer, G. Yakubov, Langmuir 14 (1998) 5023-5031] for the case of complete wetting. It has been verified that indeed at CWCs estimated according to our approach trisiloxane surfactant solutions demonstrate superspreading behaviour on moderately hydrophobic surfaces with the exception of trisiloxane T4, which still shows only partial wetting. Thus, the CWC does not depend on the degree of hydrophobicity of substrates and could be considered as a distinct property of surfactants that characterize the highest limit of their spreading capability. Crown

KW - Critical wetting concentration

KW - Spreading

KW - Trisiloxane

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=73049083157&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=73049083157&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.colsurfa.2009.07.030

DO - 10.1016/j.colsurfa.2009.07.030

M3 - Article

VL - 354

SP - 143

EP - 148

JO - Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects

JF - Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects

SN - 0927-7757

IS - 1-3

ER -