Crisis management using MAS-based wireless sensor networks

Ahmad Sardouk, Majdi Mansouri, Leila Merghem-Boulahia, Dominique Gaiti, Rana Rahim-Amoud

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Wireless communication is increasingly used to manage large-scale crises (e.g., natural disasters or a large-scale city fire). Communication has traditionally been based on cellular networks. However, real-life experience has proven that the base stations of these networks may collapse or become unreachable during a crisis. An incident commander must also know as much information as possible about the occurring events to control them quickly and efficiently. This paper thus proposes a crisis management approach that overcomes the problems encountered by the base stations and insures relevant, rich and real-time information about events. This approach is based on wireless sensor networks, which are distributed in nature with no need for infrastructure and could be deployed in dangerous and inaccessible zones to gather information. Our proposal uses a multi-agent system as a software layer. The multi-agent system aims to improve the wireless sensor network performance by allowing cooperation between sensor nodes, offering better lifetime management and virtualizing the application layer. This virtualization supports several required applications simultaneously, including event monitoring and object tracking. Through successive simulations, we prove the importance of our approach in crisis management using several criteria to estimate the position's error in object tracking, end-to-end delay and wireless sensor network lifetime management.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-45
Number of pages17
JournalComputer Networks
Volume57
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jan 2013

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Keywords

  • Crisis management
  • Data aggregation
  • Multi-agent systems
  • Object tracking
  • Wireless sensor networks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications

Cite this

Sardouk, A., Mansouri, M., Merghem-Boulahia, L., Gaiti, D., & Rahim-Amoud, R. (2013). Crisis management using MAS-based wireless sensor networks. Computer Networks, 57(1), 29-45. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.comnet.2012.08.010