Coupled mechanical and electromagnetic modeling of eddy current sensors

Nidhal Jamia, Michael I. Friswell, Sami El-Borgi, Prakash Rajendran

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

To effectively monitor the vibration of blades in a rotating machine, a non-contacting method called blade tip-timing (BTT) has been used. The method is based on the analysis of the differential arrival times of the blades at sensors mounted on the stator to characterize the vibration amplitude and frequency of the blades. These sensors can also provide blade tip clearance measurement. A combination of these data can provide a robust condition monitoring approach for the early detection of blade cracks. Eddy current sensors (ECS) have shown great potential to assess the health of an engine without any need for direct access to the blade and therefore they are insensitive to the presence of any type of contaminant. Also, both tip timing and tip clearance of each blade could be measured by these sensors in real time and at high resolution. ECSs measure the magnetic field caused by eddy currents during the blade motion, and hence are a coupled mechanical and electromagnetic problem. An ECS on the casing of a machine has been modeled to fully understand how the dynamic response of the blade is measured by the sensors. Detailed 2-D and 3-D modeling and simulation of a rotating simplified bladed disk passing an ECS is presented. The effect of the variation of the rotation speed and the gap between the sensor and the blade tip on the accuracy of the measurement is investigated. Such an analysis will enable the reliable monitoring of blade damage during engine operation.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 7th International Conference on Coupled Problems in Science and Engineering, COUPLED PROBLEMS 2017
PublisherInternational Center for Numerical Methods in Engineering
Pages357-368
Number of pages12
Volume2017-January
ISBN (Electronic)9788494690921
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017
Event7th International Conference on Coupled Problems in Science and Engineering, COUPLED PROBLEMS 2017 - Rhodes Islad, Greece
Duration: 12 Jun 201714 Jun 2017

Other

Other7th International Conference on Coupled Problems in Science and Engineering, COUPLED PROBLEMS 2017
CountryGreece
CityRhodes Islad
Period12/6/1714/6/17

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Keywords

  • Blade tip clearance
  • Blade tip-timing
  • Coupled mechanical and electromagnetic problem
  • Eddy current sensors
  • Rotating bladed disk

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Mathematics
  • Engineering(all)
  • Computational Mathematics

Cite this

Jamia, N., Friswell, M. I., El-Borgi, S., & Rajendran, P. (2017). Coupled mechanical and electromagnetic modeling of eddy current sensors. In Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Coupled Problems in Science and Engineering, COUPLED PROBLEMS 2017 (Vol. 2017-January, pp. 357-368). International Center for Numerical Methods in Engineering.