Corneal confocal microscopy to assess diabetic neuropathy: An eye on the foot

Mitra Tavakoli, Ioannis N. Petropoulos, Rayaz Malik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Accurate detection and quantification of human diabetic peripheral neuropathy are important to define at-risk patients, anticipate deterioration, and assess new therapies. Easily performed clinical techniques such as neurological examination, assessment of vibration perception or insensitivity to the 10 g monofilament only assess advanced neuropathy, i.e., the at-risk foot. Techniques that assess early neuropathy include neurophysiology (which assesses only large fibers) and quantitative sensory testing (which assesses small fibers), but they can be highly subjective while more objective techniques, such as skin biopsy for intra-epidermal nerve fiber density quantification, are invasive and not widely available. The emerging ophthalmic technique of corneal confocal microscopy allows quantification of corneal nerve morphology and enables clinicians to diagnose peripheral neuropathy in diabetes patients, quantify its severity, and potentially assess therapeutic benefit. The present review provides a detailed critique of the rationale, a practical approach to capture images, and a basis for analyzing and interpreting the images. We also critically evaluate the diagnostic ability of this new noninvasive ophthalmic test to diagnose diabetic and other peripheral neuropathies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1179-1189
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of diabetes science and technology
Volume7
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Diabetic Neuropathies
Confocal microscopy
Peripheral Nervous System Diseases
Confocal Microscopy
Foot
Fibers
Neurophysiology
Aptitude
Biopsy
Neurologic Examination
Medical problems
Vibration
Nerve Fibers
Deterioration
Skin
Testing
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Corneal confocal microscopy
  • Diabetic neuropathy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Internal Medicine
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Corneal confocal microscopy to assess diabetic neuropathy : An eye on the foot. / Tavakoli, Mitra; Petropoulos, Ioannis N.; Malik, Rayaz.

In: Journal of diabetes science and technology, Vol. 7, No. 5, 2013, p. 1179-1189.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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