Copper removal from aqueous solutions using nano-scale diboron trioxide/titanium dioxide (B 2O 3/TiO 2) adsorbent

Badriya Al-Rashdi, Chedly Tizaoui, Nidal Hilal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Diboron trioxide/titanium dioxide (B 2O 3/TiO 2) was synthesised at the nano-size and used to remove Cu(II) from water by adsorption. The material was characterised using a number of techniques including XRD, SEM, TEM, and BET surface area. Sizes of the material were below 50nm, which fall within the range of that of nanoparticles. The BET surface area was 222.4±6.8 m 2/g. B 2O 3/TiO 2 was effective in removing copper and the maximum adsorption capacity was 82.0mg/g. The equilibrium adsorption data were best fitted to Freundlich model and the adsorption kinetics was well explained by pseudo-second-order kinetic model, which suggests that the copper uptake is due to a chemisorption process. An intraparticle diffusion based Weber-Morris model was applied to evaluate the rate-limiting steps, and the results suggested that pore diffusion controlled the overall sorption process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)294-302
Number of pages9
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume183
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2012

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Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • B O /TiO
  • Copper
  • Freundlich model
  • Weber-Morris model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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