Content and synthesis of glycosaminoglycans in the developing lung

A. L. Horwitz, Ronald Crystal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The composition and synthesis of one class of interstitial connective tissue components, the glycosaminoglycans (GAG), was determined in lung parenchyma of rabbits at different stages of development. Parenchymal GAG content ranged between 0.2 and 0.4% (wt/wt) of dry weight, with highest concentration in adult lung. There were significant changes in types of GAG present at different ages. Fetal lungs contained a relatively high proportion of chondroitin 4 sulfate while the GAG in lung parenchyma of older animals was predominantly dermatan sulfate, heparan sulfate, and heparin. Methods were developed for the study of rates of synthesis of GAG by incorporation of [1-14C]glucosamine into lung explants. The rate of synthesis of total GAG per cell increased with development to a maximum in lung from weanling rabbits and fell to low rates of synthesis in mature rabbits. Fetal rabbit lung parenchyma synthetized mostly hyaluronic acid and heparan sulfate, while in weanling rabbit parenchyma hyaluronic acid and chondroitin 4/6 sulfate synthesis was greatest. In mature animals, the rates of synthesis of all types of GAG were relatively low but there was a relatively greater emphasis on synthesis of dermatan sulfate and heparin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1312-1318
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Volume56
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1975
Externally publishedYes

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Glycosaminoglycans
Lung
Chondroitin Sulfates
Rabbits
Dermatan Sulfate
Heparitin Sulfate
Hyaluronic Acid
Heparin
Glucosamine
Connective Tissue
Weights and Measures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Content and synthesis of glycosaminoglycans in the developing lung. / Horwitz, A. L.; Crystal, Ronald.

In: Journal of Clinical Investigation, Vol. 56, No. 5, 01.01.1975, p. 1312-1318.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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