This study presents a decoupled active and reactive power control technique, for a single-phase grid-tied inverter, using model predictive control (MPC). The proposed technique does not use conventional phase-locked loop, pulse-width modulation nor a synchronisation transform, which makes the control algorithm well suited for an all-digital implementation. The proposed controller minimises the number of switching state transitions required to control the grid-side current while simultaneously constraining the harmonics distortions and protecting the inverter from overcurrent condition. In this study, the switching frequency is reduced by using a look-up table to minimise the number of switching state transitions, which helps lowering down the switching losses. The proposed technique uses an adaptive weight factor which gives more priority to commanded power tracking during transient, and minimises the tracking error and switching frequency in steady state while constraining the harmonics distortion. This method improves the tracking performance as well as reduces the switching losses by minimising the switching frequency compared to the MPC with fixed weight factor and conventional decoupled power control. Thus, the outcome of proposed controller is a constraint multi-objective optimisation between the switching frequency reduction and grid-side current harmonics in terms of cost function with weighting factor.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment