Compton scattering in sources with synchrotron reabsorption

V. M. Charugin, Zlatan Tsvetanov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

By considering the consecutive effects of synchrotron reabsorption, Compton scattering and other kinds of energy losses of relativistic electrons, it may be possibile to form a universal distribution of electrons in the region of reabsorption ('synchrotron reactor'). This will be either a power law with a power index of the energy spectrum nr=3-5β, or a relativistic Maxwell distribution with an electron temperature Te=4 Tb(1+β), where β is the ratio of Compton (or other losses) to synchrotron losses, and Tbis the brightness temperature of the radiation. Since the total energy losses of electrons in the reactor is equal to zero, this ensures the continuous existence and accumulation of relativistic electrons in the region of reabsorption and their associated hard scattered radiation. Multiple Compton scattering produces a specific 'stepped' power distribution of scattered radiation by which we can identify the reactor. In the nuclei of quasars ρ{variant}≪WHand, therefore, nr=3; hence the spectral index of scattered radiation in the corresponding ranges (optical, UV, X- and γ-ray) is ατ.Consideration of other kinds of losses and gains of energy by electrons can lead to the dependence nτ=3-5β(E) - where β(E) may have either positive or negative values-which, in turn, leads to the frequency dependence of the spectral index of scattered radiation ατ= 1 - δ(ν), |δ(ν)| < 1, |β(E)| < 1. Within the framework of the model being considered, the physical parameters of the nucleus of quasar 3C 273 are calculated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)309-320
Number of pages12
JournalAstrophysics and Space Science
Volume67
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1980
Externally publishedYes

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synchrotrons
scattering
electron
radiation
reactors
electrons
quasars
energy dissipation
energy
nuclei
brightness temperature
frequency dependence
rays
energy spectra
electron energy
power law
loss
reactor
index
distribution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Compton scattering in sources with synchrotron reabsorption. / Charugin, V. M.; Tsvetanov, Zlatan.

In: Astrophysics and Space Science, Vol. 67, No. 2, 02.1980, p. 309-320.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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