Comparison of interferon gamma-inducible protein-10 and interferon gamma-based QuantiFERON TB Gold assays with tuberculin skin test in HIV-infected subjects

Basirudeen S. Kabeer, Rajasekaran Sikhamani, Alamelu Raja

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We aimed to compare the positivity of the QuantiFERON TB gold in-tube (QFT-IT antigens) specific interferon gamma (IFN-γ/QFT-IT) and IFN-γ-inducible protein-10 (IP-10/QFT-IT) assays with tuberculin skin test (TST) among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals in a TB endemic setting. A total of 180 HIV-infected subjects, with no evidence of active TB, were recruited. IFN-γ and IP-10 levels specific to QFT-IT antigens were measured in plasma from QFT-IT tubes. The overall positivity of TST at the 5-mm cut-off point (19%) was significantly lower when compared to IFN-γ/QFT-IT (38%) and IP-10/QFT-IT (45%) assays. The positivity of IP-10/QFT-IT was significantly higher than that of IFN-γ/QFT-IT (P = 0.038). Indeterminate results for IFN-γ/QFT-IT and IP-10/QFT-IT were more frequent in subjects with CD4 count <100 cells/μL than in those with >100 cells/μL. IFN-γ/QFT-IT (9%) yielded significantly higher number of indeterminate results than IP-10/QFT-IT (5%). The frequency of these responses is higher than the proportion of individuals with positive TST results. However, 6 IFN-γ/QFT-IT- or IP-10/QFT-IT-negative subjects were positive for TST at the 5-mm cut-off point. Prospective and prognostic studies are required to clarify the significance of these data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)236-243
Number of pages8
JournalDiagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
Volume71
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2011
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Chemokine CXCL10
Tuberculin Test
Skin Tests
Gold
Interferon-gamma
HIV
Antigens
CD4 Lymphocyte Count
Prospective Studies
Proteins

Keywords

  • Diagnosis
  • Human immunodeficiency virus
  • Interferon gamma-inducible protein-10
  • QuantiFERON-TB Gold in-tube
  • Tuberculin skin test
  • Tuberculosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

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title = "Comparison of interferon gamma-inducible protein-10 and interferon gamma-based QuantiFERON TB Gold assays with tuberculin skin test in HIV-infected subjects",
abstract = "We aimed to compare the positivity of the QuantiFERON TB gold in-tube (QFT-IT antigens) specific interferon gamma (IFN-γ/QFT-IT) and IFN-γ-inducible protein-10 (IP-10/QFT-IT) assays with tuberculin skin test (TST) among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals in a TB endemic setting. A total of 180 HIV-infected subjects, with no evidence of active TB, were recruited. IFN-γ and IP-10 levels specific to QFT-IT antigens were measured in plasma from QFT-IT tubes. The overall positivity of TST at the 5-mm cut-off point (19{\%}) was significantly lower when compared to IFN-γ/QFT-IT (38{\%}) and IP-10/QFT-IT (45{\%}) assays. The positivity of IP-10/QFT-IT was significantly higher than that of IFN-γ/QFT-IT (P = 0.038). Indeterminate results for IFN-γ/QFT-IT and IP-10/QFT-IT were more frequent in subjects with CD4 count <100 cells/μL than in those with >100 cells/μL. IFN-γ/QFT-IT (9{\%}) yielded significantly higher number of indeterminate results than IP-10/QFT-IT (5{\%}). The frequency of these responses is higher than the proportion of individuals with positive TST results. However, 6 IFN-γ/QFT-IT- or IP-10/QFT-IT-negative subjects were positive for TST at the 5-mm cut-off point. Prospective and prognostic studies are required to clarify the significance of these data.",
keywords = "Diagnosis, Human immunodeficiency virus, Interferon gamma-inducible protein-10, QuantiFERON-TB Gold in-tube, Tuberculin skin test, Tuberculosis",
author = "Kabeer, {Basirudeen S.} and Rajasekaran Sikhamani and Alamelu Raja",
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T1 - Comparison of interferon gamma-inducible protein-10 and interferon gamma-based QuantiFERON TB Gold assays with tuberculin skin test in HIV-infected subjects

AU - Kabeer, Basirudeen S.

AU - Sikhamani, Rajasekaran

AU - Raja, Alamelu

PY - 2011/11

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N2 - We aimed to compare the positivity of the QuantiFERON TB gold in-tube (QFT-IT antigens) specific interferon gamma (IFN-γ/QFT-IT) and IFN-γ-inducible protein-10 (IP-10/QFT-IT) assays with tuberculin skin test (TST) among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals in a TB endemic setting. A total of 180 HIV-infected subjects, with no evidence of active TB, were recruited. IFN-γ and IP-10 levels specific to QFT-IT antigens were measured in plasma from QFT-IT tubes. The overall positivity of TST at the 5-mm cut-off point (19%) was significantly lower when compared to IFN-γ/QFT-IT (38%) and IP-10/QFT-IT (45%) assays. The positivity of IP-10/QFT-IT was significantly higher than that of IFN-γ/QFT-IT (P = 0.038). Indeterminate results for IFN-γ/QFT-IT and IP-10/QFT-IT were more frequent in subjects with CD4 count <100 cells/μL than in those with >100 cells/μL. IFN-γ/QFT-IT (9%) yielded significantly higher number of indeterminate results than IP-10/QFT-IT (5%). The frequency of these responses is higher than the proportion of individuals with positive TST results. However, 6 IFN-γ/QFT-IT- or IP-10/QFT-IT-negative subjects were positive for TST at the 5-mm cut-off point. Prospective and prognostic studies are required to clarify the significance of these data.

AB - We aimed to compare the positivity of the QuantiFERON TB gold in-tube (QFT-IT antigens) specific interferon gamma (IFN-γ/QFT-IT) and IFN-γ-inducible protein-10 (IP-10/QFT-IT) assays with tuberculin skin test (TST) among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals in a TB endemic setting. A total of 180 HIV-infected subjects, with no evidence of active TB, were recruited. IFN-γ and IP-10 levels specific to QFT-IT antigens were measured in plasma from QFT-IT tubes. The overall positivity of TST at the 5-mm cut-off point (19%) was significantly lower when compared to IFN-γ/QFT-IT (38%) and IP-10/QFT-IT (45%) assays. The positivity of IP-10/QFT-IT was significantly higher than that of IFN-γ/QFT-IT (P = 0.038). Indeterminate results for IFN-γ/QFT-IT and IP-10/QFT-IT were more frequent in subjects with CD4 count <100 cells/μL than in those with >100 cells/μL. IFN-γ/QFT-IT (9%) yielded significantly higher number of indeterminate results than IP-10/QFT-IT (5%). The frequency of these responses is higher than the proportion of individuals with positive TST results. However, 6 IFN-γ/QFT-IT- or IP-10/QFT-IT-negative subjects were positive for TST at the 5-mm cut-off point. Prospective and prognostic studies are required to clarify the significance of these data.

KW - Diagnosis

KW - Human immunodeficiency virus

KW - Interferon gamma-inducible protein-10

KW - QuantiFERON-TB Gold in-tube

KW - Tuberculin skin test

KW - Tuberculosis

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