Combined analysis of interferon-γ and interleukin-10 gene polymorphisms and chronic hepatitis C severity

Nadia Bouzgarrou, Elham Hassen, Karim Farhat, Olfa Bahri, Sallouha Gabbouj, Nadia Maamouri, Nabil Ben Mami, Hammouda Saffar, Abdelhalim Trabelsi, Henda Triki, Lotfi Chouchane

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Abstract

Today there is increasing evidence concerning the contribution of pro-/anti-inflammatory cytokine balance and genetic factors in hepatitis C pathogenesis and interindividual heterogeneity of disease outcome. In the current study, we investigated the influence of functionally described single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) present in interferon-γ (IFNγ) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) genes, on chronic hepatitis C severity. IFNγ (+874T/A) and IL-10 (-1082G/A) genotypes were determined in 100 hepatitis C patients with different disease severities (chronic hepatitis, n = 42, liver cirrhosis [LC], and hepatocellular carcinoma in liver cirrhosis [HCC], n = 58) and 103 healthy controls using allele-specific polymerase chain reaction. No statistical differences in allele or genotype distributions of IFNγ and IL-10 genes were observed between patients and controls. However, some significant differences in IFNγ genotype frequencies were observed between the two groups of patients. IFNγhigh producer genotypes TT and TA were significantly more common in patients with LC and HCC (odds ratio = 2.65; p = 0.019). Although IL-10 genotypic frequencies were comparable between the different clinical forms of the disease, the combination of IFNγlow producer and IL-10high producer genotypes was significantly associated with a lower risk of LC and HCC (odds ratio = 0.21; p = 0.015). In conclusion, our findings suggest that the imbalance between the pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory responses mediated by polymorphisms in the IFNγ and IL-10 genes may influence the outcome of chronic HCV infection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)230-236
Number of pages7
JournalHuman Immunology
Volume70
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2009

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Keywords

  • Chronic infection
  • HCV
  • Interferon-gamma
  • Interleukin-10
  • Polymorphisms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

Cite this

Bouzgarrou, N., Hassen, E., Farhat, K., Bahri, O., Gabbouj, S., Maamouri, N., Ben Mami, N., Saffar, H., Trabelsi, A., Triki, H., & Chouchane, L. (2009). Combined analysis of interferon-γ and interleukin-10 gene polymorphisms and chronic hepatitis C severity. Human Immunology, 70(4), 230-236. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.humimm.2009.01.019